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A TALE OF TWO ACCIDENTS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter analyzes two organizational disasters that led to the loss of the space shuttles Challenger and Columbia in 1986 and 2003. These decision and information failures highlight interactions ... More


The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Megan Taylor Shockley

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

In 1852 Hannah Rebecca Crowell married sea captain William Burgess and set sail. Within three years, Rebecca Burgess had crossed the equator eleven times and learned to navigate a vessel. In 1856, ... More


From Legacy to Legend

Megan Taylor Shockley

in The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details how Rebecca's story had reached a wider audience and from there, had encouraged her to shape her own legend for the community. During the 1870s and beyond Rebecca added to her ... More


Challenger

Ned O'Gorman

in The Iconoclastic Imagination: Image, Catastrophe, and Economy in America from the Kennedy Assassination to September 11

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226310060
eISBN:
9780226310374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310374.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter four looks at a second American iconoclasm in the Cold War era, the Challenger disaster. Approaching the disaster in the context of Ronald Reagan’s America, where both television and ... More


Now, Voyager

Ellen Willis

in No More Nice Girls: Countercultural Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816680795
eISBN:
9781452949000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816680795.003.0023
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter considers outer space as a metaphor for liberation and loneliness by focusing on the explosion of the Challenger space shuttle. For both proponents and detractors, the military model of ... More


Emancipating Structures and Cognitive Styles

Karen A. Cerulo

in Never Saw It Coming: Cultural Challenges to Envisioning the Worst

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226100326
eISBN:
9780226100296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100296.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter investigates the role of emancipating structures in the development of negative asymmetry. It compares high-profile cases involving worst-case scenarios including the SARS outbreak of ... More


Discovering the Ocean: Of Fish and Ships and People

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the impact of human activities on the ocean and provides a brief history of the expansion of ocean research. It begins by discussing the major causes of fishery decline in the ... More


Voyager Redux, Galileo, and Magellan

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter shows that despite the failure of the SSEC plan—the bloated Mars Observer, the deferral of Mariner Mark II—the decade of the 1980s closed on a generally upbeat note. The optimism of ... More


The Information Sharing Crisis that Does Not Go Away

Alon Peled

in Traversing Digital Babel: Information, E-Government, and Exchange

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027878
eISBN:
9780262319867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The chapter illustrates the severity of public sector information sharing failures with five tragic events where information sharing failure was decisive: the Challenger Space Shuttle explosion; the ... More


Twentieth-Century Space

Claude A. Piantadosi

in Mankind Beyond Earth: The History, Science, and Future of Human Space Exploration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162432
eISBN:
9780231531030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162432.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explains the evolution of our knowledge of the problems of putting people into space and how the remaining issues can be resolved through perseverance, continuity, and international ... More


The saxophone as symbol and icon

Stephen Cottrell

in The Saxophone

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100419
eISBN:
9780300190953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100419.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the saxophone's status as a symbol and an icon within culture. From its inception, the instrument has been identified with modernity, innovation, and a sense of exploration and ... More


Astronauts: Reinventing the Right Stuff

Valerie Neal

in Spaceflight in the Shuttle Era and Beyond: Redefining Humanity's Purpose in Space

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300206517
eISBN:
9780300227987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206517.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The third chapter, “Astronauts: Reinventing the Right Stuff,” examines how the astronaut as icon embodied new meanings of spaceflight. A salient distinction of the shuttle era was the broadening, ... More


The National Security Agencies Abandon the Shuttle

James E. David

in Spies and Shuttles: NASA's Secret Relationships with the DoD and CIA

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813049991
eISBN:
9780813050430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049991.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

It soon became evident after the Shuttle's long-delayed first flight in 1981 that it could neither meet the estimated flight schedule nor achieve the original performance specifications needed for ... More


Challenges and Transitions: Shifting Identities

Megan Taylor Shockley

in The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter depicts a shift in Rebecca's character as detailed in two journals that hold information of her time aboard the clipper ship, Challenger. Her prose describes a woman whose main concerns ... More


A New Era, a New Narrative

Megan Taylor Shockley

in The Captain's Widow of Sandwich: Self-Invention and the Life of Hannah Rebecca Burgess, 1834-1917

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783191
eISBN:
9780814786529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783191.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter reveals how Rebecca used the Challenger journal and rituals of public and private mourning in order to construct and reinforce her new identity. Having spent the past two years almost ... More


Income Tax Evasion, the Death Penalty, the Environment, the AIDS Epidemic, Desegregation, and Voting and Employment Discrimination, 1980–1988

James M. Denham

in Fifty Years of Justice: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060491
eISBN:
9780813050638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter addresses a number of issues that found their way into the courts of the Middle District from 1980 to 1988. Included are income tax evasion, environmental and wrongful death litigation, ... More


AFP-731 or The Other Night Sky: An Allegory

Trevor Paglen

in From Above: War, Violence, and Verticality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199334797
eISBN:
9780199388226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334797.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses shuttle missions and why they receive little press. After the Columbia’s first few missions in the early 1980s, shuttle launches had become rather banal affairs, virtually ... More


Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands

Mark J. Rauzon

in Isles of Amnesia: The History, Geography, and Restoration of America's Forgotten Pacific Islands

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824846794
eISBN:
9780824868314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846794.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Guam is the largest of the Mariana Islands and the westernmost American commonwealth. Guam has been impacted for centuries starting the native Chamorros then the Spanish, Japanese, and after the war, ... More


Revisiting the Civil Scriptures

Christina Simko

in The Politics of Consolation: Memory and the Meaning of September 11

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199381784
eISBN:
9780199381814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381784.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines how canonical political texts from the American Revolution and the Civil War provide interpretive resources for consolation discourse. “Civil scriptures” such as the Declaration ... More


The Precautionary Principle

Martin Peterson

in The Ethics of Technology: A Geometric Analysis of Five Moral Principles

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190652265
eISBN:
9780190652296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190652265.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter identifies two very different paradigm cases for the Precautionary Principle that define two separate versions of the principle: the deliberative and the epistemic. I argue that the ... More


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