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Implausible: Calvinism and American Politics

D. G. Hart

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

From 1776 until approximately 1970, American Protestant clergy and academics argued that Calvinism was crucial to their nation’s political institutions and ideals. It was common among the mainstream ... More


Conclusion: “[M]ingle with Us as Americans”: Religious Pluralism after the Founding

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The conclusion delineates the 19th-century boundaries of American religious pluralism. Those limits emerged most clearly in the persistence of anti-Semitism, the violence inflicted upon Mormons in ... More


Predestination: The American Career of a Contentious Doctrine

Peter J. Thuesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195174274
eISBN:
9780199872138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174274.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Predestination—the idea that God foreordains each person's eternal destiny—is one of the most fascinating and controversial doctrines in Christianity. For centuries, theologians assumed that outright ... More


Calvinist and Anti-Calvinist

Brian Cummings

in The Literary Culture of the Reformation: Grammar and Grace

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187356
eISBN:
9780191674709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187356.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter concentrates on how writers responded to the demands of Calvinist theology. It also provides no new revision of the history of Calvinist doctrine, and is concerned more with the question ... More


The Search for “Responsible Elites”: Carl J. Friedrich and the Reform of Higher Education

Udi Greenberg

in The Weimar Century: German Émigrés and the Ideological Foundations of the Cold War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159331
eISBN:
9781400852390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159331.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the theories of Carl J. Friedrich. When U.S. forces arrived in Germany in 1945, part of their mission was to reshape German culture by implementing democratic curricula, ... More


The Church of England and the Palatinate, 1566–1642

Anthony Milton

in The Reception of Continental Reformation in Britain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264683
eISBN:
9780191734878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264683.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter explores a long-neglected relationship, which has escaped scholarly notice in part because of the assumption that reformation remained fixed after the sixteenth century. Historians ... More


“He Can if He Won't”: The New Haven Doctrine of Original Sin

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chief theological concern in Taylor's doctrine of original sin lay in avoiding the notion that sin resided as a property or component of humanity's natural constitution. While many Old Calvinists ... More


“To Make Himself a Holy Heart”: Taylor and the Work of Regeneration

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Consistent with the Edwardsian emphasis on revival, Taylorite preachers inundated New England audiences with constant pleas for immediate repentance. Taylor's doctrine of regeneration crystallized in ... More


Hume's ‘Fork’: Scepticism and Natural Religion

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

David Hume was brought up as a Calvinist, and studied Newtonian physics and methodology at Edinburgh University and beyond. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1748) and his posthumously ... More


Believe and be Baptized

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A distinct Baptist piety grew through the efforts of aggressive Calvinists who compromised the various interests of Particular, Regular, General, and Separate Baptists invading the South. Individual ... More


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