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Implausible: Calvinism and American Politics

D. G. Hart

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

From 1776 until approximately 1970, American Protestant clergy and academics argued that Calvinism was crucial to their nation’s political institutions and ideals. It was common among the mainstream ... More


Conclusion: “[M]ingle with Us as Americans”: Religious Pluralism after the Founding

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The conclusion delineates the 19th-century boundaries of American religious pluralism. Those limits emerged most clearly in the persistence of anti-Semitism, the violence inflicted upon Mormons in ... More


Predestination: The American Career of a Contentious Doctrine

Peter J. Thuesen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195174274
eISBN:
9780199872138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174274.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Predestination—the idea that God foreordains each person's eternal destiny—is one of the most fascinating and controversial doctrines in Christianity. For centuries, theologians assumed that outright ... More


Calvinist and Anti-Calvinist

Brian Cummings

in The Literary Culture of the Reformation: Grammar and Grace

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187356
eISBN:
9780191674709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187356.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter concentrates on how writers responded to the demands of Calvinist theology. It also provides no new revision of the history of Calvinist doctrine, and is concerned more with the question ... More


Hume's ‘Fork’: Scepticism and Natural Religion

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

David Hume was brought up as a Calvinist, and studied Newtonian physics and methodology at Edinburgh University and beyond. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1748) and his posthumously ... More


Believe and be Baptized

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

A distinct Baptist piety grew through the efforts of aggressive Calvinists who compromised the various interests of Particular, Regular, General, and Separate Baptists invading the South. Individual ... More


Sowing and Reaping

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit: Evangelical Awakenings in the South

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131635
eISBN:
9780199834525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131630.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

With the Revolutionary trauma and Anglican Church swept away, Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists could turn their full attention to each other as they competed for converts and ascendancy in the ... More


The Olney Autobiographers: Conversion Narrative The Olney Autobiographers: Conversion Narrative and Personality

D. Bruce Hindmarsh

in The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245758
eISBN:
9780191602436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245754.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Picks up the story of conversion narrative among evangelical Anglicans through a close reading of three case studies. Associated with the town of Olney, John Newton, William Cowper, and Thomas Scott ... More


The Church of England and the Palatinate, 1566–1642

Anthony Milton

in The Reception of Continental Reformation in Britain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264683
eISBN:
9780191734878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264683.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter explores a long-neglected relationship, which has escaped scholarly notice in part because of the assumption that reformation remained fixed after the sixteenth century. Historians ... More


“He Can if He Won't”: The New Haven Doctrine of Original Sin

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chief theological concern in Taylor's doctrine of original sin lay in avoiding the notion that sin resided as a property or component of humanity's natural constitution. While many Old Calvinists ... More


“To Make Himself a Holy Heart”: Taylor and the Work of Regeneration

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Consistent with the Edwardsian emphasis on revival, Taylorite preachers inundated New England audiences with constant pleas for immediate repentance. Taylor's doctrine of regeneration crystallized in ... More


The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Lemuel Haynes was schooled in the New Divinity, the Calvinist theology of the students of Jonathan Edwards. Haynes declared himself a follower of Samuel Hopkins, the leading interpreter of Edwardsean ... More


The Search for “Responsible Elites”: Carl J. Friedrich and the Reform of Higher Education

Udi Greenberg

in The Weimar Century: German Émigrés and the Ideological Foundations of the Cold War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159331
eISBN:
9781400852390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159331.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter focuses on the theories of Carl J. Friedrich. When U.S. forces arrived in Germany in 1945, part of their mission was to reshape German culture by implementing democratic curricula, ... More


The Seventeenth Century Reprised: Conversion The Seventeenth Century Reprised: Conversion Narrative and the Gathered Church

D. Bruce Hindmarsh

in The Evangelical Conversion Narrative: Spiritual Autobiography in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245758
eISBN:
9780191602436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245754.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Examines the narratives of evangelical Dissenters in the eighteenth century, whose experience looked back to the Commonwealth sects of the seventeenth century while still resembling in other respects ... More


Partisan Strife, 1583–1588: Holland and its Critics

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Ardent Calvinists and refugees from the south blamed Holland for the loss of Flanders and Brabant; did not Holland's merchants batten on trade with the foe? Leicester thus found support for a more ... More


Introduction

Michael Davies

in Graceful Reading: Theology and Narrative in the Works of John Bunyan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199242405
eISBN:
9780191602405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242402.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Highlights the critical approach taken in ‘graceful reading’, in revising our understanding of Bunyan’s Calvinist theology and in pursuing a reader-response approach to his writings, especially in ... More


Bunyan's Exceeding Maze: Doctoring and Doctrine in Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners

Michael Davies

in Graceful Reading: Theology and Narrative in the Works of John Bunyan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199242405
eISBN:
9780191602405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242402.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Assesses Bunyan’s presentation of religious experience in his spiritual autobiography, Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, and addresses psychological, medical, and psychoanalytic ... More


Postscript: The Legacy of The Pilgrim's Progress

Michael Davies

in Graceful Reading: Theology and Narrative in the Works of John Bunyan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199242405
eISBN:
9780191602405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242402.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The enduring success of Bunyan’s allegory has been upheld largely by re-inscribing it as a universally religious or moralistic book rather than one that deals strictly with Bunyan’s Calvinist ... More


The Controversial Virtue of Thrift in the Early American Republic

Daniel Walker Howe

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter shows thrift to be a subject of long-standing and often bitter disputes over which vision of human thriving would define the character of American society. It argues that the very notion ... More


Roger Sherman and the Creation of the American Republic

Mark David Hall

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929849
eISBN:
9780199980574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929849.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Roger Sherman was the only founder to sign the Declaration and Resolves (1774), Articles of Association (1774), Declaration of Independence (1776), Articles of Confederation (1777, 1778), and ... More


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