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Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Linda Civitello

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This book is about the Hundred Years War of food business, how a mid-nineteenth century American invention, baking powder, replaced yeast as a leavening agent and created a culinary revolution as ... More


Social Control at Calumet and Hecla

Larry Lankton

in Cradle to Grave: Life, Work, and Death at the Lake Superior Copper Mines

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195083576
eISBN:
9780199854158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083576.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Copper Country was not immune to the troubles that rocked many mining communities across the United States. The copper mines suffered many social tremors, and a schism widened between management ... More


The Rise of Baking Powder Business: The Midwest, 1880s–1890s

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In Chicago and Terre Haute, Indiana, two new companies entered the baking powder war. Both used a new formula based on sodium aluminum sulfate, which Royal conflated with alum. Calumet was headed by ... More


The Alum War and World War I: “What a Fumin’ about Egg Albumen,” 1907–1920

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The alum baking powder companies turned on each other over Calumet’s deceptive water glass test, in which egg albumen foamed up and looked more powerful than other baking powders. President Theodore ... More


The Federal Trade Commission Wars: The Final Federal Battle, 1920–1929

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Baking powder companies repeatedly attempted to use federal agencies to limit competition. Calumet’s complaint against Royal to the FTC was inconclusive because both sides presented compelling ... More


Baking Powder Today: Post–World War II to the Twenty-First Century

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Baking powder was a revolution and a paradigm shift with Clabber Girl as the uncontested leader and Calumet in second place. Multinational companies like McDonald’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Denny’s, ... More


The Ties That Bind

Christine J. Walley

in Exit Zero: Family and Class in Postindustrial Chicago

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226871790
eISBN:
9780226871813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871813.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter shifts the focus from stories about people to stories about place. It considers the environmental fallout of both industrialization and deindustrialization in Southeast Chicago and how ... More


Acquiring Conveniences: Water, Heat, and Light

Alison K. Hoagland

in Mine Towns: Buildings for Workers in Michigan's Copper Country

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665662
eISBN:
9781452946610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665662.003.0004
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter discusses the amenities that tenants demanded, such as household utilities. Before attaining these conveniences, tenants pumped water, did laundry, stored firewood, and used the privy, ... More


Preservation and Loss: Remembering through Buildings

Alison K. Hoagland

in Mine Towns: Buildings for Workers in Michigan's Copper Country

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665662
eISBN:
9781452946610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665662.003.0006
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

This chapter looks at how the mining past is presented and valued in the buildings that the community chooses to preserve and lose. Preservation itself warrants great cost and mobilized community ... More


Forging the Calumet District, 1880–1940

in Chicago Made: Factory Networks in the Industrial Metropolis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226477015
eISBN:
9780226477046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477046.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the development of Calumet into an industrial district. The construction of elaborate and effective business relationships underpinned the development of the Calumet complex. ... More


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