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Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide affecting millions of people in both developed and developing countries. The dual aims of this book are to review the well-established ... More


Coronary heart disease mortality attributable to smoking: global and regional estimates for 2000

M. Ezzati and A. D. Lopez

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter employs the indirect smoking impact ratio method (Peto et al. 1992), which uses absolute lung cancer mortality in a population as a marker for accumulated hazards of smoking, to estimate ... More


Blood pressure and the burden of coronary heart disease

C. M. M. Lawes, S. Vander Hoorn, M. R. Law, P. Elliott, S. MacMahon, and A. Rodgers

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents estimates of blood pressure distributions by age, sex, and world region to estimate the burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) attributable to raised blood pressure worldwide in ... More


Serum homocysteine and coronary heart disease

D. S. Wald, M. R. Law, N. J. Wald, and J. K. Morris

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between serum homocysteine and coronary heart disease (CHD). Genetic studies show a moderately higher risk of CHD for a moderately higher level of serum homocysteine. ... More


Alcohol and coronary heart disease

M. Bobak and M. Marmot

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the evidence on the consumption of alcohol and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and with compares it mortality in general. The chapter has four general sections. The ... More


Fish consumption, n-3 fatty acids, and coronary heart disease

D. Kromhout

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Essential fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids from the n-6 family (i.e., linoleic acid and arachidonic acid) present in vegetable oils, and of the n-3 family (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid and ... More


Obesity

A. R. Dyer, J. Stamler, and P. Greenland

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between obesity and coronary heart disease (CHD). These include results from the Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry Study and the Western ... More


Metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and coronary heart disease

G. Hu, Q. Qiao, and J. Tuomilehto

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the association of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and coronary heart disease (CHD). Topics covered include incidence of CHD and CVD in patients with diabetes, possible ... More


Women and cardiovascular heart disease

L. H. Kuller

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the substantially lower incidence and mortality due to coronary heart disease (CHD) for women as compared to men. It considers three major current hypotheses to explain these ... More


Use of oral contraceptives

N. R. Poulter

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between oral contraceptive (OC) use and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). The small absolute excess risk of a myocardial infarction (MI) due to the use of ... More


Systematic review of prospective cohort studies of psychosocial factors in the aetiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease

H. Kuper, M. Marmot, and H. Hemingway

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the relative strength of the epidemiological evidence for causal links between psychosocial factors and coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence among healthy populations and ... More


Mental illness and coronary heart disease

S. Stansfeld and F. Rasul

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the evidence linking mental illness and CHD, the associations between mental illness and risk factors for CHD, and the potential mechanisms through which mental illness may ... More


Psychophysiology

A. Steptoe

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes applications of psychophysiological methods in coronary heart disease (CHD) epidemiology. It demonstrates that psychophysiological pathways are biologically plausible, and can ... More


Chronic infection and circulating markers of inflammation

P. Whincup and J. Danesh

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a critical review of the available epidemiological and clinical evidence on CHD and markers of persistent infection and of inflammation. Epidemiological and clinical data on ... More


Life course influences on coronary heart disease

G. Davey Smith and J. Lynch

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines the concepts of life course epidemiology as applied to coronary heart disease (CHD), discusses evidence with regard to early life factors and CHD, and considers the recently ... More


Prevention of coronary heart disease: findings from the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals’ Follow-up Study

F. B. Hu and W. C. Willett

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HPFS) to the nutritional epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). Compelling ... More


Risk scores for management and prevention of cardiovascular disease

D. A. Wood and K. Kotseva

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses risk scores for cardiovascular disease. Topics covered include the concept of cardiovascular risk, CVD prevention strategies and absolute multifactorial risk, advantages and ... More


Non-invasive measures of preclinical coronary heart disease

P. Greenland

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0041
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews four non-invasive tests for detection of preclinical coronary heart disease (CHD) and for prediction of future coronary events in asymptomatic people: (a) coronary artery calcium ... More


Screening for future coronary heart disease

N. J. Wald and M. R. Law

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Measuring risk factors such as blood pressure and serum cholesterol as a means of screening to identify people who will develop coronary heart disease has entered medical practice largely because of ... More


Screening for type 2 diabetes

D. G. Johnston, K. G. M. M. Alberti, I. F. Godsland, M. Pierce, and S. Shepperd

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Macrovascular disease is the major cause of premature death in diabetes. The age-adjusted mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) is 2-4 times higher than in the non-diabetic population. The ... More


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