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Militarization

Michael K. Jerryson

in Buddhist Fury: Religion and Violence in Southern Thailand

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793235
eISBN:
9780199897438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793235.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter focuses on the role of militarization and Buddhism. Buddhist soldiers and police located in the southernmost provinces establish their headquarters in Thai Buddhist monasteries, thereby ... More


Introduction

Michael K. Jerryson

in Buddhist Fury: Religion and Violence in Southern Thailand

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199793235
eISBN:
9780199897438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793235.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter provides a general background of the southern Thai conflict, describes ethnographic challenges of working in a conflict area, and outlines the larger framework of religion and violence. ... More


A Well-Sanitized Shroud: Asceticism and Institutional Values in the Middle Period of Buddhist Monasticism

Gregory Schopen

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

There is no evidence for Buddhist monasticism either before or during the Mauryan period. To judge by his inscriptions and the language used in them, Aśoka himself did not know anything about ... More


The Rules of Buddhist Monks: Issues of Property and Pollution

Malcolm Voyce

in Law and Anthropology: Current Legal Issues Volume 12

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199580910
eISBN:
9780191723025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580910.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

The translations by Buddhist scholars of Pāli Vinaya texts reflected the mental predispositions of those involved. These scholars were not legally trained and tended to see the Vinaya as a series of ... More


The Rhinoceros in the Room: Monks and Nuns and Their Families

Shayne Clarke

in Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836474
eISBN:
9780824870966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836474.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book studies Buddhist monks and nuns and their continued familial relationships by drawing on monastic law codes, or vinaya. As an introduction, this chapter discusses the family as it relates ... More


Carving Sutras into Stone before the Catastrophe: The Inscription of 1118 at Cloud Dwelling Monastery near Beijing: Elsley Zeitlyn Lecture on Chinese Archaeology and Culture

Lothar Ledderose

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 125, 2003 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263242
eISBN:
9780191734014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263242.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the unearthed engraved stones created by the Buddhist monks of the Cloud Dwelling Monastery. It reveals that the rubbings of the inscriptions on these stones can help in ... More


The Traditional Theravada Practice

Asanga Tilakaratne

in Theravada Buddhism: The View of the Elders

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835965
eISBN:
9780824871598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835965.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter focuses on Theravada practices that have traditionally been a major influence on the cultures of the Theravada countries. It specifically looks at the varied forms of “merit acquiring,” ... More


Former Wives from Former Lives

Shayne Clarke

in Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836474
eISBN:
9780824870966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836474.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the status of Buddhist monks' “former” lay wives by drawing on Buddhist narratives. In some stories, monks' former wives are presented as hostile to their husbands; in others ... More


Enforcing the Code: South Vietnam’s “Struggle Movement” and the Limits of Thai Buddhist Conservatism

Eugene Ford

in Cold War Monks: Buddhism and America's Secret Strategy in Southeast Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300218565
eISBN:
9780300231281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218565.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains how the World Fellowship of Buddhists's (WFB) embrace of a socially engaged role for Buddhist monks corresponded to initiatives already in progress in Thailand, where the ... More


The Fire this Time

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In June 1963, Thich Quang Duc, a seventy-three-year-old Buddhist monk from an outlying province burned himself to death amidst thousands of stunned spectators at a busy intersection in Saigon. The ... More


Family Matters

Shayne Clarke

in Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836474
eISBN:
9780824870966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836474.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter describes a number of early Indian inscriptions which mention Buddhist monks, nuns, and laymen in terms of familial relationships. These inscriptions could be explained away as records ... More


The Tension between Service and Practice

Jonathan A. Silk

in Managing Monks: Administrators and Administrative Roles in Indian Buddhist Monasticism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195326840
eISBN:
9780199852079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326840.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Because of the varied opinions regarding one's possible involvement in monastic administration, it is essential to establish how, if being a Buddhist means being a monk, is a typical monk supposed to ... More


Aftermath: Rebuilding the Saṅgha under Socialism

Ian Harris

in Buddhism in a Dark Age: Cambodian Monks under Pol Pot

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835613
eISBN:
9780824871444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835613.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the aftermath of the oppression of Buddhism during the Democratic Kampuchea period, arguing that while Buddhism had been in danger during the time, it was never totally ... More


Reconsidering Renunciation: Family-Friendly Monasticisms

Shayne Clarke

in Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836474
eISBN:
9780824870966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836474.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book has explored the familial and marital relationships of Buddhist monks and nuns in India, thus highlighting a scholarly misperception in the study of Indian Buddhism: that world renunciation ... More


Dealing with Monks

Ian Harris

in Buddhism in a Dark Age: Cambodian Monks under Pol Pot

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835613
eISBN:
9780824871444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835613.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter focuses on direct contact between Khmer communists and Buddhist monks. After providing some background on the communists' first formal contacts with the monks as well as the struggles ... More


Monk Mortality and the Destruction of Institutional Buddhism

Ian Harris

in Buddhism in a Dark Age: Cambodian Monks under Pol Pot

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835613
eISBN:
9780824871444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835613.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter explores the ways in which the Khmer Rouge had undermined if not outright destroyed the institutions of Buddhism, especially by killing monks. From the beginning of the civil war that ... More


From Malign Spirit to Manifestation of Ma

Haruko Wakabayashi

in The Seven Tengu Scrolls: Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834166
eISBN:
9780824869700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834166.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the transformation of tengu from a possessing spirit rooted in indigenous folk beliefs to a symbol of ma that can only be conquered by Buddhist monks. One of the most famous ... More


Narada Thero: Affective Bonds and the Making of a Social Service Monk

Jeffrey Samuels

in Attracting the Heart: Social Relations and the Aesthetics of Emotion in Sri Lankan Monastic Culture

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833855
eISBN:
9780824870041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833855.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter provides the temporal and theoretical starting point for a discussion of recruitment, monastic training, and institution building. Discussing the life events of one monk, Venerable ... More


Embodying the Text through Blood Writing

JIMMY YU

in Sanctity and Self-Inflicted Violence in Chinese Religions, 1500-1700

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199844906
eISBN:
9780199949564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844906.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on blood writing, which was one of the most potent rituals to conveying one’s message and authenticating one’s sanctity. Performers engaged in this practice used it to accomplish ... More


Concluding Considerations

Jonathan A. Silk

in Managing Monks: Administrators and Administrative Roles in Indian Buddhist Monasticism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195326840
eISBN:
9780199852079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326840.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In this book's examination of what it really means to be a Buddhist or even a Buddhist monk, it has observed that in the tradition of being a monk, there is a clear distinction between practice—in ... More


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