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Pope's Family Trade

Paul Davis

in Translation and the Poet's Life: The Ethics of Translating in English Culture, 1646-1726

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199297832
eISBN:
9780191711572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297832.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter measures the impact of the customary equations of translating with trade and with kinship on Pope's version of the Iliad (1715-20) and the version of the Odyssey (1725-6), which he ... More


The First Challenge: Making Sense of Utility and Preference

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores how the different dimensions of rationality impose conflicting requirements and constraints upon the central notions of decision theory — the notions of utility and preference. ... More


The Second Challenge: Individuating Outcomes

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Standard presentations of decision theory adopt some version of the invariance principle (that it is irrational to assign different utilities to propositions known to be equivalent). This normative ... More


Are Reasons Internal? and Are They Normative?

Rüdiger Bittner

in Doing Things for Reasons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter defends the present account of reasons one has against challenges by internalism and normativism. Internalists like Bernard Williams hold that one does not have a reason for doing ... More


Contributory Reasons

Jonathan Dancy

in Ethics Without Principles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270026
eISBN:
9780191601729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the nature of contributory reasons, contrasting the contributory with the overall. Also considers attempts to characterise the nature of the contributory in terms of overall oughts, arguing ... More


The Activity of Reason *

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

I contrast two views of the relations among reason (the active dimension of the mind), rational principles, and reasons. On the Kantian view, rational principles are constitutive principles of ... More


Reasons: Explanatory and Normative

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

‘A reason’ has two meanings: explanatory reasons are facts that contribute to an explanation (of anything explained); normative reasons are facts that favour and guide responses, in one’s emotions, ... More


Practical Reasoning

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part One of the book argued, by implication, for the unity of reason. This conclusion is reinforced by the argument of this chapter for the unity of reasoning, that is that so-called practical ... More


The Myth of Instrumental Rationality 1

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Facilitative reasons are explained. They are, it is claimed, what are often referred to as instrumental reasons. However, they are both wider and narrower than common accounts of instrumental reasons ... More


Violent Interruptions

Noelle Paley and Joshua Price

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0085
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

The criminal justice system can interrupt the reproductive lives of poor women of color and poor white women in many different ways; separate them from their offspring and their loved ones; and tear ... More


Forming Cooperatives and Taking Collective Action

Grey Osterud

in Putting the Barn Before the House: Women and Family Farming in Early Twentieth-Century New York

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450280
eISBN:
9780801464171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450280.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines rural women's active participation in movements that promoted economic cooperation and collective action while resisting the rise of capitalist agribusiness and the ... More


Home Economics and Farm Family Economies

Grey Osterud

in Putting the Barn Before the House: Women and Family Farming in Early Twentieth-Century New York

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450280
eISBN:
9780801464171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450280.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how rural women in the Nanticoke Valley and Broome County addressed the issue of the hypothetical boundary between home economics and the economies of farm families. The ... More


The Transformation of Agriculture and the Rural Economy

Grey Osterud

in Putting the Barn Before the House: Women and Family Farming in Early Twentieth-Century New York

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450280
eISBN:
9780801464171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450280.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how farming families in Broome County experienced and adapted to the transformation of the region's agriculture and rural economy. In the early twentieth century, the rural ... More


Grassroots Action and Conflicted Environmental Justice

Peter C. Little

in Toxic Town: IBM, Pollution, and Industrial Risks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760697
eISBN:
9780814764510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760697.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter looks at the advocacy groups that emerged as a result of IBM's contamination in Endicott. It specifically highlights three groups: the Citizens Acting to Restore Endicott's Environment ... More


Introduction: The Pearl Frontier

Julia Martínez and Adrian Vickers

in The Pearl Frontier: Indonesian Labor and Indigenous Encounters in Australia's Northern Trading Network

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824840020
eISBN:
9780824868048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824840020.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 2010, while presenting a Broome public seminar, the authors were privileged to meet Aboriginal elder, Susan Edgar, and the remarkable community of Indonesian-Aboriginal people who shared their ... More


Challenging Social Segregation

Julia Martínez and Adrian Vickers

in The Pearl Frontier: Indonesian Labor and Indigenous Encounters in Australia's Northern Trading Network

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824840020
eISBN:
9780824868048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824840020.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

The lives of Asian indentured workers in Australian pearling ports was subject to strict regulation in an attempt to defend 'White Australia' from the perceived threat of racial intermingling. Prior ... More


Forms of Instrumental Reasoning

Jonathan Dancy

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Vol 7

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808930
eISBN:
9780191846649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808930.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the strengths and weaknesses of John Broome’s recent account of practical reasoning as instrumental reasoning. It outlines more flexible alternative accounts, both of ... More


Scope for Rational Autonomy

Mark Schroeder

in Explaining the Reasons We Share: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198713807
eISBN:
9780191782190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713807.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues to develop the autonomous conception of rationality by responding to two challenges to narrow-scope theories of rationality offered by John Broome in his paper, ’Requirements’. ... More


Redescription

Lara Buchak

in Risk and Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199672165
eISBN:
9780191759048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672165.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses a strategy for responding to counterexamples to expected utility theory. According to this strategy, one can redescribe purported counterexamples so that they no longer violate ... More


Consistency

Lara Buchak

in Risk and Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199672165
eISBN:
9780191759048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672165.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses instrumental rationality and what decision theorists take it to consist in. It is claimed that to be decision-theoretically rational is to have consistent preferences and to ... More


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