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Coleridge and Scepticism

Ben Brice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

Coleridge tended to view objects in the natural world as if they were capable of articulating truths about his own poetic psyche. He also regarded such objects as if they were capable of illustrating ... More


Boyle and the Concurrentists

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

It is tempting to read Boyle as offering an updated version of concurrentism. But unlike the concurrentists, Boyle does not think that God works through bodies as his instruments to produce effects.


The contemporary conversation

T. A. Cavanaugh

in Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses Knauer’s proportionalism as a consequentialist misinterpretation of double effect. It considers anti-consequentialist alternatives to DER, specifically Alan Donagan’s casuistry ... More


Reconstructing the Natural Philosopher

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The development of the persona of the natural philosopher is the key to understanding how natural philosophy becomes inserted into European culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. This chapter shows ... More


A Brief History of Metabolic Measurement

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes the evolution of respirometry from Leonardo da Vinci's musings onwards. The works of Boyle, the brilliant and prophetic Mayow, and the well-intentioned but misguided Priestley ... More


John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Noel Malcolm and Jacqueline Stedall

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The mathematician John Pell was a member of the Royal Society and one of the generation of scientists that included Boyle, Wren, and Hooke. Although he left a huge body of manuscript materials, he ... More


Corpuscular Effluvia: Between Imagination and Experiment

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an example of the manner in which the purely hypothetical atom of the ancients was introduced into the experimental philosophy of the Royal Society. Lucretius had posited that ... More


Theological Voluntarism and Protestant Critiques of Natural Reason

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter begins with an examination of John Calvin's views on the devastating ‘noetic’ effects of the Fall. According to Calvin, one of the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience was that ... More


Religious Philosophers and Speculative Atheists

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume's early critics strongly associated the skepticism of the Treatise with “atheistic” or anti‐Christian intentions. Moreover, they took Clarke's philosophy to be a particularly obvious and ... More


The Monster of Atheism: Its Being and Attributes

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The early responses to the Treatise show that the issue of “atheism” was neither peripheral nor irrelevant to the way that Hume's own contemporaries understood his aims and objectives. Most ... More


Praying With the Enemy: Daniel Gookin, King Philip's War, and the Dangers of Intercultural Mediatorship

Louise A. Breen

in Transgressing the Bounds: Subversive Enterprises Among the Puritan Elite in Massachusetts, 1630-1692

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138009
eISBN:
9780199834006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138007.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Explores how King Philip's War and debates over the halfway covenant contributed to the emergence of a racialized “tribalism” during the 1670s. This was a time when ordinary colonists manifested fear ... More


Reworking Reasonableness: The Authoritative Testimony of Nature

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter demonstrates how Locke's gradual move away from his early political positions parallels his encounter with a new notion of reasonableness based on probable judgment. This shift took ... More


Metropolitan Province

S. J. Connolly

in Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199543472
eISBN:
9780191716553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543472.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Continued friction over Ireland's constitutional status found expression in key texts of patriot constitutional argument by William Molyneux and Jonathan Swift. Following the Wood's Halfpence ... More


‘The Church in Danger’: Latitudinarians, Socinians, and Hobbists

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter opens with an analysis of the intellectual climate in late 17th‐century England, beginning with politico‐religious debates, in particular the complex struggles inside and outside the ... More


The Union of Sceptics, 1903–1906

BEN LEVITAS

in The Theatre of Nation: Irish Drama and Cultural Nationalism 1890-1916

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253432
eISBN:
9780191719196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253432.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the fracture of the theatre movement and cultural nationalist alliances in the post-Boer period. Yeats, with financial backing from Annie Horniman, was able to set up the INTS ... More


‘A Dead Cadaverous Thing’

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In England, ontological mechanism comes under fire. Figures such as Ralph Cudworth and Henry More argue that this ontology is too impoverished to explain such phenomena as cohesion, gravity, the ... More


Relations and Powers

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The Cartesian rejection of powers was built on a rejection of the view of relations that underpinned them. One clear way, then, to “sanitize” powers — to make them acceptable within a mechanist ... More


Boyle's Paradox

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Although Boyle's famous “lock and key” analogy seems to indicate that he takes powers to be nothing more than the intrinsic features of the bodies involved in their exercise, he also thinks that the ... More


Locke on Relations

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Locke follows Boyle's basic strategy of reconciling causal powers and ontological mechanism by treating powers as relations and then offering some version of a reductive account of those relations. ... More


 Virtues and the Scientific Revolution

Rose‐Mary Sargent

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Experimental philosophers of 17th-century England recognized a complex relationship between scientific values and civic virtues. Francis Bacon, motivated by his desire to promote the common good by ... More


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