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Climate, fever, and medicine before 1700

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part I begins by taking stock of European theories of fever, and of the importance of the work of the Hippocratic revival, particularly as reflected in the work of Sydenham, ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


Inflamed bodies

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first chapter of Part II examines therapeutic practices in the tropics during the early years of the British presence in India and the Caribbean. It begins by examining the legacy of Portuguese ... More


Mid‐Eighteenth‐Century Materialism

Ann Thomson

in Bodies of Thought: Science, Religion, and the Soul in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199236190
eISBN:
9780191717161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236190.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

A discussion of mid 18th‐century materialism, as seen mainly in the works of La Mettrie and in Diderot's early works, against the background of contemporary medical and biological thought. It begins ... More


The Chronic Disease of Melancholy: Boerhaave

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Herman Boerhaave's discussion of melancholy. Boerhaave was a Dutch physician and humanist who lived between 1668 and 1738. Based in Leiden, a renowned medical center of that ... More


Animal Spirit in Action

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the changes and elaboration of the animal spirit doctrine by the foremost biomedical thinkers of the 18th century. It reviews Georg Ernst Stahl's animistic ideas, which were ... More


The Gestation of German Biology

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is need for history of eighteenth-century biology, especially concerning German developments in that era. German approaches to the life sciences have suffered continual disparagement by ... More


Making Life Science Newtonian: Albrecht von Haller’s Self-Fashioning as Natural Scientist

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Albrecht von Haller became the most important German life-scientist of the eighteenth century. Tracing his intellectual self-fashioning therefore provides crucial insight into the gestation of ... More


Introduction

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Herman Boerhaave committed his professional life to enhancing and expanding the medical curriculum at the University of Leiden. His steady stream of publications and numerous students made him the ... More


Medicine as a Calling

in Inventing Chemistry: Herman Boerhaave and the Reform of the Chemical Arts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226677606
eISBN:
9780226677620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226677620.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the development of Herman Boerhaave's basic approach to medicine and chemistry by reviewing his education as a student at the University of Leiden and then his early program ... More


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