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Freshwater community interactions and malaria

Eliška Rejmánková, John Grieco, Nicole Achee, Penny Masuoka, Kevin Pope, Donald Roberts, and Richard M. Higashi

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The incidence of malaria has recently increased in many parts of the tropics. This increase is due mainly to drug resistance and the failure of disease control measures. But changes in vector ... More


Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Heather McKillop

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book reports the discovery, excavation, and interpretation of Late Classic Maya salt works on the coast of Belize, transforming our knowledge of the Maya salt trade and craft specialization ... More


Introduction

Luis Roniger

in Transnational Politics in Central America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813036632
eISBN:
9780813038834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036632.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book aims to provide an understanding of the transnational dynamics of Central America. This is a region that includes Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and ... More


Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay

Debra S. Walker (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062792
eISBN:
9780813051758
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062792.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The ancient Maya invested massive amounts of labor on road systems (sacbeob) for communication and trade, yet Chetumal Bay, situated between modern day Quintana Roo, Mexico, and Corozal District, ... More


Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Elizabeth Graham

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Most of the research concerned with early Spanish colonialism in Middle America focuses on Mexico, Yucatan, and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America. The land that became Belize was ... More


Introduction

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The people (Maya and Spaniards), the region (Belize and Yucatan), and the time periods (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries) on which the book focuses are described in this introduction. A chronology ... More


Yucatan and Belize on the Eve of Conquest

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter addresses Maya political and economic organization just prior to the Spanish Conquest in Yucatan, Belize, and to some extent, Peten. The nature of native Maya states and geopolitical ... More


The Environment of Early Contact

Elizabeth Graham

in Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century Belize

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036663
eISBN:
9780813041834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036663.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Why did Spanish Europeans decide not to settle the mainland, coast, and cayes that are now Belize? How did Spaniards or other seafaring Europeans view Belize's coast, and did this information find ... More


From Cradle to Grave and Beyond: A Maya Life and Death

Ann L. W. Stodder and Ann M. Palkovich

in The Bioarchaeology of Individuals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038070
eISBN:
9780813043135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038070.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

With background on the impact of feminist archaeology in “peopling the past,” this chapter presents the osteobiography of a young adult male from Bajo Hill, a Maya Late/Terminal Classic Period site ... More


Salt as a Maya Trade Good

Heather Mckillop

in Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Salt is basic to daily human existence, however, in the southern Maya lowlands of Guatemala and Belize, salt was scarce. The prevailing theory suggests that salt was imported from the northern part ... More


Salt Production and Sea-Level Rise

Heather Mckillop

in Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the impact of the rise of the sea-level on the civilization especially on the salt production and salt works of Punta Ycacos during the Late Classic Maya period. The discovery ... More


Salt Production, Trade, and Late Classic Maya Society

Heather Mckillop

in Salt: White Gold of the Ancient Maya

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813025117
eISBN:
9780813039497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813025117.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses the salt production and salt trade in Late Classic Mayan Society. Salt production in the Punta Ycacos Lagoon during the Late Classic period used to supply the coastal towns of ... More


The Determination of Cacao in Sample of Archaeological Interest

W. Jeffrey Hurst

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Although the use of cacao by the Mesoamerican people has been documented since the early Colonial period, archaeologists have been hindered from discovering the breadth of its use in rituals and in ... More


From Chocolate Pots To Maya Gold: Belizean Cacao Farmers Through the Ages

Patricia A. McAnany and Satoru Muruta

in Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813029535
eISBN:
9780813039503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813029535.003.0021
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses the Belizean cacao farmers through the ages. It discusses the deep history of cacao cultivation in the Belize zone, which is demonstrated by the continuity of cacao farming ... More


Ancient Maya Cities of the Eastern Lowlands

Brett A. Houk

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060637
eISBN:
9780813050973
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060637.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Within a challenging tropical environment, a remarkable urban tradition developed and flourished as an element of ancient Maya culture. This book is about the cities of the eastern lowlands, a small ... More


The Black Carib Wars: Freedom, Survival, and the Making of the Garifuna

Christopher Taylor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617033100
eISBN:
9781617033117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617033100.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book offers a thoroughly researched history of the struggle of the Garifuna people to preserve their freedom on the island of St. Vincent. Today, thousands of Garifuna people live in Honduras, ... More


Reconstructing Classic Maya Polities: The Macro Scale of Political Analysis

Antonia E. Foias

in Ancient Maya Political Dynamics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044224
eISBN:
9780813046488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044224.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter presents the different sources of data used by Maya archaeologists to reconstruct ancient politics at the macroscale or polity and inter-polity level: settlement patterns, epigraphy, and ... More


Ordinary People and East–West Symbolism

Cynthia Robin

in Maya E Groups: Calendars, Astronomy, and Urbanism in the Early Lowlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054353
eISBN:
9780813053226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054353.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter explores the possibility that east-west symbolism is an enduring aspect of Maya culture that was initially developed in farmers' community centers and homes and later appropriated by ... More


The Cunil Complex: Early Villages in Belize

Lauren A. Sullivan, Jaime J. Awe, and M. Kathryn Brown

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter provides an overview of recent data pertaining to the first settled villages in the Belize River valley. The authors highlight the known Preceramic data from the region and suggest that ... More


The Role of Ideology, Religion, and Ritual in the Foundation of Social Complexity in the Belize River Valley

M. Kathryn Brown, Jaime J. Awe, and James F. Garber

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of ritual and religion in the development of social complexity and the institutionalization of hierarchy in the Belize River valley. The authors synthesize Preclassic ... More


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