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The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explores the metaphysical question of the relation between reality and human perceptions, thoughts and beliefs with reference to colours. Posits an absolute independent reality of which knowledge is ... More


 “Painting the Mormon Story”: Visual Arts

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Paris Art Mission introduced European developments and training into Utah art at the turn of the century. Today, loose alliances like the New York Mormon Artists Group have supplanted efforts to ... More


James, Clifford, and the Scientific Conscience

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter presents a comparative reading of W. K. Clifford's 1877 treatise, “The Ethics of Belief,” and William James' 1897 essay, “The Will to Believe.” It provides an interpretation of each in ... More


Beyond the Secular West

Akeel Bilgrami (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170802
eISBN:
9780231541015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170802.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

What is the character of secularism in countries that were not pervaded by Christianity, such as China, India, and the nations of the Middle East? To what extent is the secular an imposition of ... More


Rejecting Transmission

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The focus of this chapter is a view dominating discussion in the current epistemological literature — the Belief View of Testimony — according to which transmission lies at the heart of testimonial ... More


A Defense of Learning from Words

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an alternative picture of testimonial knowledge and justification — called the Statement View of Testimony — that focuses on the epistemic status of the statements of speakers, ... More


Norms of Assertion and Testimonial Knowledge

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a further objection that has been raised to the view defended in this book — an objection that is grounded in a widely accepted thesis about the norm governing proper assertion. ... More


Understanding Behavior Change: The Theory Behind Informing, Motivating, and Planning for Health

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical models that have guided thinking and research on health behavior change, providing a historical perspective on major developments in the field. Included in this ... More


The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Bruce N. Waller

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Belief in moral responsibility is very strong; and although there are many arguments in support of moral responsibility, it is clear that those arguments are not as strong as the belief in moral ... More


Restless Secularism: Modernism and the Religious Inheritance

Matthew Mutter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300221732
eISBN:
9780300227963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221732.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Restless Secularism explores the efforts of modernist writers to articulate a viable secular imagination, to trace the relation of this secular imagination to the Christian culture from which it ... More


The Church in the Seventeenth Century

Paul Bushkovitch

in Religion and Society in Russia: The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195069464
eISBN:
9780199854615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195069464.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The most important changes in the religious experience of the upper strata of Russian society in the seventeenth century were the result of internal intellectual trends and the reorientation of court ... More


Development

Ian Ker

in John Henry Newman: A Biography

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569106
eISBN:
9780191702044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569106.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

John Henry Newman turned his thoughts to the obstacles of the development of doctrine before the end of 1842. He devoted the last of the university sermons in preparation for his “best book”. The ... More


Socratic Method and Socratic Ethics: The Meno

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195086454
eISBN:
9780199833306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195086457.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The core argument of chapter 9 is the thesis that the epistemological distinction between knowledge and beliefs introduced in the Meno plays a crucial role in the consideration of virtues. Thanks to ... More


Perception, Judgement, and Error

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues against the existence of a direct connection between objects of perception and objects of thought as a way of understanding the fact that colours do not belong to an independent world outside ... More


Belief in a Just World

Bruce N. Waller

in The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The deep nonconscious belief in a just world – extensively studied by psychologists – is basically the belief that good things happen to good people and bad things to bad people. When an innocent ... More


The Power of the Moral Responsibility System

Bruce N. Waller

in The Stubborn System of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028165
eISBN:
9780262327404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028165.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Belief in moral responsibility is held in place by a larger belief system in which moral responsibility is deeply embedded. When operating within the deep assumptions of that system moral ... More


Truth‐Relativism, Norm‐Relativism, and Assertion *

Patrick Greenough

in Assertion: New Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199573004
eISBN:
9780191595127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573004.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first part of this chapter concerns the question as to what is the best account of the norms of assertion and belief under a genuinely relativistic conception of truth. Several proposals are ... More


Augustine and the Academics

Blake D. Dutton

in Augustine and Academic Skepticism: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452932
eISBN:
9781501703553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452932.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo's critique of Academic skepticism by drawing on his narrative of the history of the Academy and the broader development of Platonism. It first considers how ... More


The Oxford History of Hinduism: The Goddess

Mandakranta Bose (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198767022
eISBN:
9780191821226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767022.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, World Religions

The central purpose of the book is the critical exposition of the Hindu idea of the divine feminine, or Devī, conceived as a singularity expressed in many forms. With the theological principles ... More


Beyond Chemistry and Biology

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Artificial chemistries can be found in fields beyond chemistry and biology. While it is most natural to look at examples from these fields, the self-assembly of entities at different scales can be ... More


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