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Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book provides an introduction to, and analysis of, the use of Bayesian nets in causal modelling. It puts forward new conceptual foundations for causal network modelling: The book argues that ... More


In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bayesian epistemology aims to answer the following question: How strongly should an agent believe the various propositions expressible in her language? Subjective Bayesians hold that.it is largely ... More


INTRODUCTION

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More


TWO-STAGE BAYESIAN NETS

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Objective Bayesianism yields a justification of the causal Markov condition: in certain circumstances, the objective Bayesian net is just the causal net and so the causal net is an appropriate ... More


Democracy as a Bayesian Persuader

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Shows how Bayesian thinking should make democratic outcomes so rationally compelling. Bayes's formula provides a mathematical expression for specifying exactly how we ought rationally to update our a ... More


Rationalizing Persisting Opposition

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the last of four chapters on belief democracy, and discusses how to rationalize persistent opposition in the light of Wollheim's paradox (how can you vote one way, and then immediately accept ... More


Bayesianism—its Scope and Limits

Elliott Sober

in Bayes's Theorem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses the scope and limits of Bayesianism. The first topics discussed are the math and philosophy embedded in Bayesianism and the standard objection to Bayesianism. The concept of ... More


PROBABILITY

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Probability functions over domains of variables are introduced, as are the various interpretations of probability, including the frequency, propensity, chance, and Bayesian interpretations. The ... More


Analogy and Symmetry

Paul F. A. Bartha

in By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter has two purposes. First, it explores the connection between analogical reasoning and symmetry to provide a second justification for the argument form, independent of the one offered in ... More


An epistemological argument for the meta‐theoretic conception of laws

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that if the universe is governed by laws of nature, then particular laws of nature cannot be discovered by empirical science unless the meta‐theoretic conception of laws is ... More


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