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Bayesianism in Statistics

Colin Howson

in Bayes's Theorem

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263419
eISBN:
9780191734175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263419.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Bayesianism in statistics. The first section of the chapter is devoted to the First Bayesian Theory, which is immediately followed by a discussion of significance tests and the ... More


Content and Confirmation

Christopher Pincock

in Mathematics and Scientific Representation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757107
eISBN:
9780199932313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757107.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter clarifies two notions which are central to the book: the content of a scientific representation and how we can think of the confirmation of these representations. When mathematics is ... More


Decision Theory

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Efforts to get scientific knowledge reap valuable knowledge about the world. It is often rewarding simply to know more, but a greater benefit of knowing more is that, knowing the future, one can make ... More


Blaise and Bayes

Alan Hájek

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Pascal presents at least three ‘wagers’ for believing in God. Hacking provides three reconstructions of them using the apparatus of Bayesian decision theory — dominance reasoning and calculations of ... More


Bayesian Theory and Applications

Paul Damien, Petros Dellaportas, Nicholas G. Polson, and David A. Stephens (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The development of hierarchical models and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques forms one of the most profound advances in Bayesian analysis since the 1970s and provides the basis for advances ... More


Confirming the Less Likely, Discovering the Unknown: Dogmatisms—Surd and Doubly Surd, Natural, Flat and Doubly Flat*

Elia Zardini

in Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199658343
eISBN:
9780191760983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658343.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter proposes that, contrary intuitions notwithstanding, dogmatists accept a variety of Moorean arguments as legitimate ways to acquire a justification for their conclusions. The chapter ... More


Bayesian Models of Sensory Cue Integration

David C. Knill

in Bayesian Brain: Probabilistic Approaches to Neural Coding

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042383
eISBN:
9780262294188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042383.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses how the Bayesian probability theory can be used as a framework in integrating multiple sensory cues, introduces elements of Bayesian theories of perception, and describes some ... More


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