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Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book provides an introduction to, and analysis of, the use of Bayesian nets in causal modelling. It puts forward new conceptual foundations for causal network modelling: The book argues that ... More


In Defence of Objective Bayesianism

Jon Williamson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199228003
eISBN:
9780191711060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228003.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bayesian epistemology aims to answer the following question: How strongly should an agent believe the various propositions expressible in her language? Subjective Bayesians hold that.it is largely ... More


An Introduction to Auction Theory

Flavio M. Menezes and Paulo K. Monteiro

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199275984
eISBN:
9780191602214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927598X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book presents an in-depth discussion of the auction theory. It introduces the concept of Bayesian Nash equilibrium and the idea of studying auctions as games. Private, common, and affiliated ... More


Bayesian Statistical Inference

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the most important aspects of Bayesian statistical inference and techniques for performing such calculations in practice. It first reviews the basic steps in Bayesian ... More


Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More


Strategic Learning and its Limits

H. Peyton Young

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269181
eISBN:
9780191699375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269181.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is based on the Arne Ryde Lectures in 2002. The book suggests a conceptual framework for studying strategic learning and highlights theoretical developments in the area. It discusses the ... More


Democracy as a Bayesian Persuader

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Shows how Bayesian thinking should make democratic outcomes so rationally compelling. Bayes's formula provides a mathematical expression for specifying exactly how we ought rationally to update our a ... More


Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


Bayesian Epistemology

Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199269754
eISBN:
9780191601705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Probabilistic models have much to offer to epistemology and philosophy of science. Arguably, the coherence theory of justification claims that the more coherent a set of propositions is, the more ... More


Bayesian Statistical Inference for Psychological Research

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces psychologists to the Bayesian outlook in statistics. Bayesian statistics is based on a definition of probability as a particular measure of the opinions of ideally consistent ... More


BAYESIAN NETS

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter introduces Bayesian networks and probabilistic independence, and shows how Bayesian nets are used to represent probability functions. Inference in Bayesian nets is discussed and the ... More


Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Steven Sloman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human beings are active agents who can think. To understand how thought serves action requires understanding how people conceive of the relation between cause and effect, between action and outcome. ... More


Simple Bayesian Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter lays out the basic principles of Bayesian inference, building on the concepts of probability developed in Chapter 3. It seeks to use the rules of probability to show how Bayes' theorem ... More


Hierarchical Bayesian Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter seeks to explain hierarchical models and how they differ from simple Bayesian models and to illustrate building hierarchical models using mathematically correct expressions. It begins ... More


Writing Bayesian Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a general set of steps for writing models to assist the researcher in formulating their own approach to the Bayesian model. The crucial skill of specifying models is often ... More


Bayesian Smoothing and Regression for Longitudinal, Spatial and Event History Data

Ludwig Fahrmeir and Thomas Kneib

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199533022
eISBN:
9780191728501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533022.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Several recent advances in smoothing and semiparametric regression are presented in this book from a unifying, Bayesian perspective. Simulation-based full Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) ... More


Classical Statistical Inference

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter introduces the main concepts of statistical inference, or drawing conclusions from data. There are three main types of inference: point estimation, confidence estimation, and hypothesis ... More


Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development

Brian J. Scholl

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many ... More


Innovation and Path Dependence 1

Colin Crouch

in Capitalist Diversity and Change: Recombinant Governance and Institutional Entrepreneurs

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286652
eISBN:
9780191713354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286652.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Path dependence is a major instrument of neo-institutionalist theory. This chapter discusses the position of the economically rational actor and the scope left to the actor by the assumptions of ... More


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