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Causes

Lance J. Rips

in Lines of Thought: Central Concepts in Cognitive Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195183054
eISBN:
9780199865109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183054.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Traditional psychological approaches to causality assume that we acquire causal information by extracting it from our experience of events. One possibility is that we can directly perceive causality ... More


Learning From Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference

Laura Schulz, Tamar Kushnir, and Alison Gopnik

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter starts from the premise that much of children's knowledge takes the form of abstract, coherent, causal claims that are learned from, and defeasible by, evidence. This view is consistent ... More


Hailfinder: Tools for and Experiences with Bayesian Normative Modeling

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Bayes Nets (BNs) and Influence Diagrams (IDs), new tools that use graphic user interfaces to facilitate representation of complex inference and decision structures, it are the core elements of new ... More


Introduction

Alison Gopni and Laura Schulz

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a simple, clear, and (hopefully) amusing introduction to causal model and Bayes nets theories in computer science, the interventionist account of causation in philosophy, and ... More


Causal Reasoning Through Intervention

York Hagmayer, Steven Sloman, David Lagnado, and Michael R. Waldmann

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In causal reasoning, the observation of an event supports different inferences than an intervention that generates the event. An intervention breaks the connection between the manipulated event and ... More


Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Alison Gopnik and Laura Schulz (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book outlines the recent revolutionary work in cognitive science formulating a “probabilistic model” theory of learning and development. It provides an accessible and clear introduction to the ... More


Teaching the Normative Theory of Causal Reasoning

Richard Seheines, Matt Easterday, and David Danks

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Nearly all of the psychological research on human causal learning involves naïve participants; that is, individuals who have not been taught the normative theory in any way, shape, or form. Almost ... More


Theory Theory: Reconstructing Constructivism

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory theory is heir to Piaget’s constructivism where everyday theories encompass general knowledge structures and are learned. Earlier chapters outline theory of mind’s structured knowledge; this ... More


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