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Avicenna

Jon McGinnis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The aim of the present work is threefold. One, it intends to place the thought of Avicenna within its proper historical context, whether the philosophical-scientific tradition inherited from the ... More


Black Bile and Melancholia: Avicenna

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Avicenna's discussion of melancholy. Avicenna is the Latinized form of the Arabic Ibn Sina, an abbreviation of Abu Ali al Husain ibn Abd, Allah ib Sina. Avicenna lived between ... More


Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Christopher I. Beckwith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This book tells how key cultural innovations from Central Asia revolutionized medieval Europe and gave rise to the culture of science in the West. Medieval scholars rarely performed scientific ... More


Avicenna’s Intellectual and Historical Milieu

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter covers the historical, cultural, and intellectual background up to and during the time of Avicenna. It begins by presenting the Greek course curriculum taught at the ... More


Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Frank Griffel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) is one of the most important theologians, philosophers, and Sufis of Islam. Born around 1056 in northeastern Iran, he became the holder of the most prestigious academic post in ... More


Cosmology in Early Islam: Developments That Led to al-Ghazālī’s Incoherence of the Philosophers

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This chapter presents the two most important views about cosmology held by Muslims in the era of al-Ghazali. The first is the cosmology of the Ash’arite school of Muslim theology, which developed ... More


Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia. The Arab Empire founded by the prophet Muhammad expanded rapidly, defeating the Byzantine Empire and capturing Syria (637) and ... More


Transmission to Medieval Western Europe

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how the recursive argument method was transmitted to medieval Western Europe. The appearance of the recursive argument method in Latin texts was preceded by more than a century ... More


Dividing Being: Before and After Avicenna

Taneli Kukkonen

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter surveys the reception of Aristotle's Categories in the late ancient and Arabic traditions. There is a puzzle when it comes to philosophical encyclopedias and compendia in the later ... More


Departure: In Exodum

Kurt Flasch

in Meister Eckhart: Philosopher of Christianity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204865
eISBN:
9780300216370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204865.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Meister Eckhart's commentary on Exodus in the Bible. Exodus, about the flight out of Egypt, is filled with dramatic stories, from God calling to Moses out of the burning bush ... More


The Changing Cultural Contexts

Ruth Glasner

in Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Chapter 3 is a brief summary of the main sources, Greek and Arabic, that Averroes used in the three commentaries. The sometimes very long notes of this chapter provide lists of the references to ... More


Plague Disputes, Challenges of the ‘Universals’

Samuel K. Cohn

in Cultures of Plague: Medical thinking at the end of the Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574025
eISBN:
9780191722530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574025.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows another side of the intellectual vitality stimulated by the 1575–8 crisis. An unprecedented denial of ‘true plague’ suddenly swept medical circles. Best known are the arguments ... More


Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy

Martin Pickavé and Lisa Shapiro (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199579914
eISBN:
9780191745959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume has three aims. First, historians of philosophy have typically focused on the discussions of the moral relevance of emotions, and with the exception of scholars of ancient philosophy, ... More


1 Animals and Life-Span

Peter Biller

in The Measure of Multitude: Population in Medieval Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199265596
eISBN:
9780191699085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265596.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Ideas

This chapter deals firstly with works which supplied a dense backcloth for ‘demographic’ thought, providing very detailed and plausible data about reproduction, and then secondly with one ... More


Introduction

JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

This chapter introduces the central problem of the book: how exactly does one divine person produce another (e.g. how does the Father “beget” a Son)? It would seem that a divine person would have to ... More


Henry of Ghent

JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Henry of Ghent offered a provocative answer to the question: how is a divine person produced? Henry insists (against Peter Lombard) that the Father must produce the Son or Spirit from materials––or ... More


Scotus on the Son’s Production

JT Paasch

in Divine Production in Late Medieval Trinitarian Theology: Henry of Ghent, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199646371
eISBN:
9780191739293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646371.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Scotus believes the divine essence must play the role of the formal terminus of production––that is, it must be the shared form of the persons, not a shared lump of matter. For Scotus, there simply ... More


Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 5

Robert Pasnau (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198806035
eISBN:
9780191843938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806035.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy showcases the best scholarly research in this flourishing field. The series covers all aspects of medieval philosophy, including the Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew ... More


Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 3

Robert Pasnau (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198743798
eISBN:
9780191821011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This series annually collects the best current work in the field of medieval philosophy. Each book features original chapters that contribute to an understanding of a wide range of themes and ... More


Psychophysical and Neurobiological Color Diagrams and Solids

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The Greek atomist philosophers claimed that material images (eidola) distinguish themselves from objects and infiltrate the eyes to cause vision. Aristotle rejected the material nature of eidola and ... More


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