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Some Official Denialist Arguments of the Turkish State and Documents from the Ottoman Interior Ministry

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0011
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explains that there are certain theses in the discussions about the Armenian Genocide which linger in the people's memory. These include the now-classic arguments that Armenian Catholics ... More


Final Steps in the Decision-Making Process

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that the fear that the English were going to land somewhere in the Iskenderun region, and following this, the commencement of a great naval movement in order to seize Istanbul, ... More


Demographic Policy and the Annihilation of the Armenians

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter considers how the annihilation of the Armenians, as an outcome of a sequence of decisions, led to questions arising about the possible relationship between demographic policy and ... More


The Question of Confiscated Armenian Property

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter illustrates how the deportations left an enormous amount of abandoned Armenian property and possessions in their wake. This posed the question of what policy the government and local ... More


The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Taner Akçam

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Introducing new evidence from more than 600 secret Ottoman documents, this book demonstrates in detail that the Armenian Genocide and the expulsion of Greeks from the late Ottoman Empire resulted ... More


The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Alden A. Mosshammer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Dionysius Exiguus composed a 95‐year list of Easter dates beginning in what he designates as the year 532 from Christ. His list was a continuation of an Alexandrian table that ended in the year 247 ... More


Nonintervention on Behalf of the Ottoman Armenians (1886–1909)

Davide Rodogno

in Against Massacre: Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151335
eISBN:
9781400840014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151335.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the European powers' nonintervention on behalf of the Ottoman Armenians during the period 1886–1909. From the 1870s to 1914, the “Armenian Question” was dragged into the ... More


Paschal Calculations in the Eastern Empire

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Andreas of Byzantium drafted a 200‐year list that began with a Paschal full moon on 4 April in 353 and ended with 25 March in 552. Andreas adopted the form of the cycle that Athanasius had ... More


Anatolius and the Christian Era

Alden A. Mosshammer

in The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199543120
eISBN:
9780191720062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Early Christian Studies

Anatolius recalibrated the system of Africanus to make its first year begin on 1 Thoth = 29 August, 5501 BC. In his preface, Anatolius told the reader how to calibrate his list with the years of the ... More


The Origins and Conduct of the Russo-Persian War, 1826–1828

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question: Army, Government and Society, 1815-1833

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263273
eISBN:
9780191734700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter considers the origins and conduct of the 1826–8 Russo-Persian War. While the actions of certain individuals were responsible for the outbreak of war, more profound causes were also at ... More


The Transformation of Ottoman Policies toward the Ottoman Greeks during the First World War

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines how the policy followed against the Ottoman Greeks underwent an important change in November 1914, when the use of widespread violence against the Greeks and their forcible ... More


The Initial Phase of Anti-Armenian Policy

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter looks at how extant Ottoman documents reveal that the Unionist government made clear distinctions in its wartime policies between the Armenians and the empire's other Christian ... More


Interior Ministry Documents and the Intent to Annihilate

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter talks about how, despite all attempts to sanitize the archival record, the surviving documents in the Interior Ministry section of the Prime Ministerial Ottoman Archive are sufficient to ... More


Assimilation: The Conversion and Forced Marriage of Christian Children

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0009
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter contends that there are two reasons why the concept of assimilation was detached from the study of genocide. First, Armenian Genocide studies have suffered from the general weaknesses of ... More


Toward a Conclusion

Taner Akçam

in The Young Turks' Crime against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153339
eISBN:
9781400841844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153339.003.0012
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter argues that the Armenian Genocide—the first large scale mass murder of the twentieth century—must be placed in a new context and understood within that context: the commencement of the ... More


The Patriarchate 925–1025: The Predominance of Constantinople

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

An account is given of the patriarchate of the Orthodox Church in the period 925–1025, following the death of Patriarch Nicholas I Mysticus in 925, which emphasizes the predominance of Constantinople ... More


The Ancient Oriental Churches

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0057
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Discusses missionary activity and the creation of churches outside the boundaries of the Roman Empire during the first centuries of Christianity. The subjects covered include Armenia, Persia, the ... More


Diasporas

Stephane Dufoix

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253599
eISBN:
9780520941298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253599.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Coined in the third century B.C., the term diaspora has evolved into a buzzword used to describe the migrations of groups as diverse as ethnic populations, religious communities, and even engineers ... More


Sentential stress: a phase‐based account

Arsalan Kahnemuyipour

in The Syntax of Sentential Stress

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219230
eISBN:
9780191711800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219230.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter introduces the main proposal of the book with respect to the assignment of sentential stress in focus-neutral sentences. It proposes a new formulation for the sentential stress rule ... More


The Armenian Community in Egypt

Magdi Guirguis

in An Armenian Artist in Ottoman Cairo: Yuhanna al-Armani and His Coptic Icons

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774161520
eISBN:
9781617971013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161520.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter explores the local context of the Armenian community in Egypt in relation to Armenian communities elsewhere in the Ottoman Empire. The Armenian community in Egypt enjoyed considerable ... More


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