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Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Carl Beckwith

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Hilary of Poitiers (c300–368), who was instrumental in shaping the development of pro-Nicene theology in the West, combined two separate works, a treatise on faith (De Fide) and a treatise against ... More


The Fatherhood of God from Origen to Athanasius

Peter Widdicombe

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242481
eISBN:
9780191697111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242481.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The fatherhood of God has a central, if increasingly controversial, place in Christian thinking about God. Yet although Christians have referred to God as Father from the earliest days of the faith, ... More


From Nicaea to the Death of Constantine

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280131
eISBN:
9780191603792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280134.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter argues that Eustathius of Antioch’s deposition took place in autumn 327 as a result of real or faked evidence of sexual misdemeanour, triggering a reversal by Constantine of his previous ... More


The ‘Arianism’ of the ‘Eusebians’

David M. Gwynn

in The Eusebians: The Polemic of Athanasius of Alexandria and the Construction of the `Arian Controversy'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199205554
eISBN:
9780191709425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205554.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter assesses Athanasius’ presentation of the ‘Eusebians’ as ‘Arian’. After a brief introduction to Athanasius’ highly polarized heresiological polemic, it traces Athanasius’ construction of ... More


Trinitarian Debates from Nicaea (325) to Sirmium (351)

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the Trinitarian debates from the Council of Nicaea (325) to the synod of Sirmium (351) and the emergence of the creed from Nicaea in the West as a standard of orthodoxy.


Hilary's Understanding and Use of Scripture

Carl L. Beckwith

in Hilary of Poitiers on the Trinity: From De Fide to De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199551644
eISBN:
9780191720789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551644.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Hilary's understanding of scripture and its normative use in discussions about God does not proceed on apologetic grounds. The challenge faced by Hilary is that his Homoian opponents routinely insist ... More


Arianism Opposed:The Word's Divinity is Not Diminished by Involvement in Suffering

Paul L. Gavrilyuk

in The Suffering of the Impassible God: The Dialectics of Patristic Thought

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199269822
eISBN:
9780191601569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269823.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Five major interpretations of Arianism are considered. According to the Hanson-Wiles interpretation, the Arians used psilanthropic argument to emphasize that God suffered in Christ. The author shows ... More


Constantine: Lactantius, Eusebius of Caesarea, Arius, and the Council of Nicaea

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The new situation created by the rise to sole power of a Christian emperor was seen by many Christians as fulfilment of the prophecy that God's word would spread throughout the civilized world but ... More


The Power of Reality: The Idea of Compulsion

Tapio Luoma

in Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151893
eISBN:
9780199834419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151895.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Torrance's realism is characterized by his idea of compulsion, which, in turn, is strongly based on his Barthian interpretation of Calvin's doctrine of election. Reality compels us to know itself ... More


The Council at Serdica

Hamilton Hess

in The Early Development of Canon Law and the Council of Serdica

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269755
eISBN:
9780191601163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269757.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The failure of the attempted settlement of the dispute over the teachings of Arius by the Council of Nicaea in 325 resulted in intense turmoil within the Church during the decades to follow, and this ... More


Patriarchs, Councils, and Controversies: 300–451

William, S.J. Harmless

in Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195162233
eISBN:
9780199835645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195162234.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The patriarchs of Alexandria would cast long shadows over the history of Egyptian monasticism. This chapter focuses on the five most influential: Alexander, Athanasius, Theophilus, Cyril, and ... More


Points of Departure

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Identifies a number of possible points of departure for considering the fourth century Trinitarian controversies and discusses three of them: the story of controversy in Alexandria between Arius and ... More


Theological Trajectories In the Early Fourth Century: I

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Turns to the fourth and the most important point of departure: pre-existing tensions among theological trajectories present c.300. Looks first at Alexander and Athanasius’ theology and finds ... More


Confusion and Controversy: AD 325–340

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy: An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198755067
eISBN:
9780191602788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198755066.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Initially focuses on the council and creed of Nicaea. Sketches the course of the discussion at the council and asks if the creed was intended as a universal standard of faith. The middle sections of ... More


Begotten and Adopted Sons of God—Before and After Nicea

Michael Peppard

in The Son of God in the Roman World: Divine Sonship in its Social and Political Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753703
eISBN:
9780199914432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753703.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

Chapter 5 synthesizes a broad range of texts in order to show the shifting relationship between begotten and adoptive metaphors during the first four centuries of Christianity. These texts show how ... More


Epilogue

Susan Wessel

in Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy: The Making of a Saint and of a Heretic

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268467
eISBN:
9780191699276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

After Chalcedon, Cyril's Twelve Chapters, which he had composed in opposition to Nestorius and which the Antiochenes had said were heretical, were finally reaffirmed at the Fifth Ecumenical Council ... More


Before Nicaea

Peter Widdicombe

in The Fatherhood of God from Origen to Athanasius

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242481
eISBN:
9780191697111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242481.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the theological struggle of the early 4th century, a struggle centred on the tension between the affirmation of the divine attribute of ingenerateness and that of the eternal ... More


Odium Theologicum: The Liberal as Antichrist

Robert Pattison

in The Great Dissent: John Henry Newman and the Liberal Heresy

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067309
eISBN:
9780199855193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067309.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter tells the story of why Newman came to hate Renn Dickson Hampden, a living oracle of liberalism. Newman's violent reaction to liberals like Hampden coincided with his researches into ... More


Heresy and Liberalism: Cicero, Arius, and Socinus

Robert Pattison

in The Great Dissent: John Henry Newman and the Liberal Heresy

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067309
eISBN:
9780199855193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067309.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter explains how Newman reached the conclusion that Arius, the 4th-century heresiarch, defiled Christian civilization with liberal apostasy. Other heretics than Arius and Hampden might have ... More


Aristotle’s Case Against the Sufficiency Thesis

Daniel C. Russell

in Happiness for Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583683
eISBN:
9780191745713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583683.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins the examination of the ancient debate over the sufficiency of virtuous activity for happiness, starting with Aristotle and his ancient successors. Although Aristotle is often ... More


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