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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles

Lisa Tessman

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195179149
eISBN:
9780199835782
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179145.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Lisa Tessman’s Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles engages questions central to feminist theory and practice, from the perspective of Aristotelian ethics. Focused primarily on ... More


The Retrieval of Ethics

Talbot Brewer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The virtue ethics movement in recent philosophical ethics can usefully be divided into two quite separate streams of thought. Some have turned to the texts of Plato and Aristotle for new answers to ... More


Summary and Conclusion

Ruth Glasner

in Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The three turning points that were studied in chapters 6‐8 are facets of a major turning point in Averroes' thought that led to the consolidation of his ‘Aristotelian atomism’. Chapter 9 examines the ... More


Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

C. D. C. Reeve

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


Aristotle's Man: Speculations upon Aristotelian Anthropology

Stephen R.L. Clark

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245162
eISBN:
9780191680847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245162.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Words have determinable sense only within a complex of unstated assumptions, and all interpretation must therefore go beyond the given material. This book addresses what is man's place in the ... More


The Aristotelian Ethics: A study of the relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean ethics of Aristotle

Anthony Kenny

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245544
eISBN:
9780191680878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245544.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is an attempt to solve a long-standing problem of Aristotelian scholarship on the basis of historical and philosophical arguments and a statistical study of features of style. It presents a ... More


Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

John Marenbon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

From the turn of the fifth century to the beginning of the eighteenth, Christian writers were fascinated and troubled by the ‘Problem of Paganism’, which this book identifies and examines for the ... More


Introduction to Part I

Michael J. White

in The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239529
eISBN:
9780191679940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239529.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I of this study closely examines both Aristotle's analysis of the physical properties of spatial magnitude, time, and locomotion, and the metaphysical view underlying this analysis. At the heart ... More


European Security, 1919–39

Derek Drinkwater

in Sir Harold Nicolson and International Relations: The Practitioner as Theorist

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273850
eISBN:
9780191602344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273855.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sir Harold Nicolson’s approach to the questions of inter-war European security represented an evolution from an idealist outlook at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 to a more measured degree of ... More


On Virtue Ethics

Rosalind Hursthouse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On Virtue Ethics is an exposition and defence of neo‐Aristotelian virtue ethics. The first part discusses the ways in which it can provide action guidance and action assessment, which ... More


Ammonius Saccas

George E. Karamanolis

in Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199264568
eISBN:
9780191603990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264562.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Ammonius Saccas held the view that the philosophy of Aristotle is in agreement with that of Plato on most essential philosophical issues. It is argued that Ammonius was an independent thinker who, ... More


From Hope and Fear Set Free

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Berlin’s presidential address to the Aristotelian Society dealt with one important gap in his conceptual wall against totalitarianism. If to be free implied knowledge and the exercise of reason, then ... More


Reply to Critics

Michael J. Sandel

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There are reasons to doubt that the civic aspirations of the republican tradition will be realized in our time, but there are equally compelling reasons to reject the alternative: a public life that ... More


Conclusion

Thomas Hurka

in Perfectionism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195101164
eISBN:
9780199833276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195101162.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This concluding chapter summarizes the book and wonders whether what is most plausible is a pure perfectionism of the kind the book has described or a pluralist view that gives independent value to ... More


The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Christopher Gill

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book examines ideas about personality and self in Hellenistic and Roman philosophy, and the possible influence of these ideas on Greek and Roman literature. The book is subdivided into three ... More


Petrarch and the ‘barbari Britanni’

Piero Boitani

in Petrarch in Britain: Interpreters, Imitators, and Translators over 700 years

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264133
eISBN:
9780191734649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264133.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter examines Petrarch's thoughts on the people he called ‘barbari Britanni’. It charts the humanist's changing view of those whom he initially termed ‘timidissimi barbarorum’ and whom he ... More


Milton and the Classics

David Hopkins

in John Milton: Life, Writing, Reputation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264706
eISBN:
9780191734557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264706.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

This chapter discusses John Milton's acquaintance with classical literature, which began early and continued throughout his lifetime. Between 1615 and 1620, Milton entered St. Paul's, which was ... More


Development and the Structured Self

Christopher Gill

in The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198152682
eISBN:
9780191710131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter charts links between the Stoic and Epicurean conception of self that is discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 (the structured self), and their ideas about ethical development. Human beings, ... More


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