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Levantine Epigraphy and History in the Achaemenid Period (539-322 BCE)

André Lemaire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265895
eISBN:
9780191772023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265895.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Since 1980, epigraphic discoveries and researches have thrown new light on the Levant during the Achaemenid period (533-332 BCE). As an epigrapher who published many new Phoenician, Aramaic and ... More


Forms of Rabbinic Literature and Thought: An Introduction

Alexander Samely

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296736
eISBN:
9780191712067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296736.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book surveys the corpus of rabbinic literature, which was written in Hebrew and Aramaic about 1,500 years ago and which contains the foundations of Judaism, in particular the Talmud. The ... More


West Semitic Inscriptions and Ninth-Century bce Ancient Israel

ANDRÉ LEMAIRE

in Understanding the History of Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264010
eISBN:
9780191734946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Together with material archaeology and the literary tradition of the Hebrew Bible, epigraphy is one of the main sources for the history of ancient Israel in the ninth century BCE. Although limited in ... More


West Semitic Epigraphy and the Judaean Diaspora during the Achaemenid Period: Babylonia, Egypt, Cyprus

André Lemaire

in Levantine Epigraphy and History in the Achaemenid Period (539-322 BCE)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265895
eISBN:
9780191772023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265895.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

After the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar (587 BCE), most of the Judean elite (family of king Jehoiachin, civil and military servants, technicians) lived in Babylonia. New cuneiform ... More


Introduction

Naomi Koltun-Fromm

in Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736485
eISBN:
9780199866427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736485.003.0000
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Religion and Society

The introductory chapter is divided into two parts. The first introduces and defines the key terms of this study: holiness, sexuality, asceticism, and community. This section focuses on the various ... More


Targum

ROBERT HAYWARD

in Rabbinic Texts and the History of Late-Roman Palestine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264744
eISBN:
9780191734663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264744.003.0014
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the current state of investigation into targum. It explains that targum is the term used to describe the ancient Aramaic versions of books of the Hebrew Bible which incorporate, ... More


Everyday Writing in the Graeco-Roman East

Roger Bagnall

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267022
eISBN:
9780520948525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267022.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Most of the everyday writing from the ancient world—that is, informal writing not intended for a long life or wide public distribution—has perished. Reinterpreting the silences and blanks of the ... More


From the Neo-Assyrian to Hasmonean Periods: Preliminary Conclusions and Outlook

David M. Carr

in The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199742608
eISBN:
9780199918737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742608.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter opens with a survey from beginning to end of the major conclusions of the survey done in reverse up to this point. This uncovers broader trends in the growing hostility toward foreign ... More


Reading the Zohar: A Sacred Text of Kabbalah

Pinchas Giller

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195118490
eISBN:
9780199848874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118490.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Comprising well over a thousand pages of densely-written Aramaic, the compilation of texts known as the Zohar represents the collective wisdom of various strands of Jewish mysticism, or kabbalah, up ... More


Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book is a synthetic study of the impact of the Persian Sasanian context on the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. What impact did the Persian ... More


Judah Benzion (‘Ben’) Segal 1912–2003

Edward Ullendorff and Sebastian Brock

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 130, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, IV

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263501
eISBN:
9780191734212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263501.003.0009
Subject:
History, Historiography

Judah Benzion Segal (1912–2003), a Fellow of the British Academy, had a long career as a teacher of Semitic languages at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University. Segal’s ... More


Recent Discoveries of Early Buddhist Manuscripts: And Their Implications for the History of Buddhist Texts and Canons

Richard Salomon

in Between the Empires: Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195305326
eISBN:
9780199850884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305326.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines recent discoveries of early Buddhist manuscripts and discusses their implications for the history of Buddhist texts and canons. All of the manuscripts in question were written ... More


The Syriac Versions

BRUCE M. METZGER

in The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission, and Limitations

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198261704
eISBN:
9780191682209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198261704.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the introduction of Christianity into Syria and the translation of the New Testament in that region. Of all the early versions of the New Testament, those in Syriac have raised ... More


Rabbis, Sorcerers, and Priests

Jason Sion Mokhtarian

in Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests: The Culture of the Talmud in Ancient Iran

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520286207
eISBN:
9780520961548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520286207.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In Sasanian Mesopotamia, magic was a social context where competition and exchanges between different linguistic, ethnic, and religions groups were common. Jewish sorcerers composed spells containing ... More


Soviet Yiddish orthography

Gennady Estraikh

in Soviet Yiddish: Language-Planning and Linguistic Development

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184799
eISBN:
9780191674365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184799.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter looks at the history of Yiddish orthographic reforms proposed and implemented in the Soviet Union. These reforms were based on pre-1917 projects envisaging phoneticization of Yiddish ... More


Bilingualism and Diglossia in Late Antique Syria and Mesopotamia

DAVID G. K. TAYLOR

in Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199245062
eISBN:
9780191715129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245062.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter investigates the nature and consequences of language contact, bilingualism, and diglossia in Syria and Mesopotamia during the late antique period, focusing particularly on evidence for ... More


The Rise and Fall of Ergativity in Aramaic: Cycles of Alignment Change

Eleanor Coghill

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723806
eISBN:
9780191791147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723806.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The endangered Eastern Neo-Aramaic dialects have undergone a wholesale renewal of the verbal system. As a result, tense-conditioned ergative alignment developed in the perfect, which later developed ... More


Deuteronomy 28 and the Aramaic Curse Tradition

Laura Quick

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198810933
eISBN:
9780191848049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810933.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This study considers the relationship of Deuteronomy 28 to the curse traditions of the ancient Near East. It focuses on the linguistic and cultural means of the transmission of these traditions to ... More


Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Fergus Millar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This book explores the way in which different ethnic, religious and linguistic communities co-existed and conflicted in the Roman Near East in the three centuries between the conversion of the ... More


A Greek Christian World?

Fergus Millar

in Religion, Language and Community in the Roman Near East: Constantine to Muhammad

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265574
eISBN:
9780191760396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265574.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Religion

The great temple of Artemis at Gerasa (Jerash) in Jordan is one of the finest expressions of Greco-Roman culture in the Near East. Built in the second century, it includes a church that was erected ... More


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