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Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Allan Gotthelf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book — an interconnected set of sixteen chapters, four previously unpublished, addresses in parallel three main topics and Aristotle's three main biological treatises. Starting with a set of six ... More


Notes towards a Study of Substance and Essence in Aristotle's Parts of Animals II–IV

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes a close look at nine passages in PA (and IA) where Aristotle speaks of a part as present, or as having the character it does, in an organism because it is part of or required by ... More


A Biological Provenance: Reflections on Montgomery Furth's Substance, Form and Psyche: An Aristotelean Metaphysics

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Montgomery Furth's 1988 book was the fruit of some twenty years’ work on the relationship between Aristotle's biology and his metaphysics. This chapter, after placing Furth's work in relation to that ... More


Data‐Organization, Classification, and Kinds: The Place of the History of Animals in Aristotle's Biological Enterprise

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This extended chapter introduces readers to the systematic study of Aristotle's History of Animals. A brief history of 2,000 years of scholarship on HA culminates with the revolutionary work of D. M. ... More


History of Animals I.6 490b7‐491a6 : Aristotle's megista genē

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a close reading of what is perhaps the most difficult passage in all of HA. The passage introduces seven megista genê (‘very large kinds’) of animals that Aristotle apparently ... More


Historiae I: Plantarum et Animalium

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evident parallels between the aims, structure, and progression of Aristotle's History of Animals Book I and Theophrastus's History of Plants Book I invite a closer study of each, both separately and ... More


Aristotle's Conception of Final Causality

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Starting from the premise that Aristotelian explanation proceeds via the concepts of natures and potentials (and not, say, laws), this chapter argues that for Aristotle the generation of a living ... More


The Place of the Good in Aristotle's Natural Teleology

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The analysis of Aristotle's natural teleology elsewhere in this book makes no defining reference to the good. While natural ends are inevitably good, they need not and should not, as many ... More


Teleology and Embryogenesis in Aristotle's Generation of Animals II.6

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes a close look at the account across Generation of Animals I–II of the efficient cause of animal generation. The aim is to understand better the relationship of material‐efficient ... More


‘What's Teleology Got to Do with It?’: A Reinterpretation of Aristotle's Generation of Animals V

Allan Gotthelf and Mariska Leunissen

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Despite the renewed interest in Aristotle's Generation of Animals in recent years, the subject matter of GA V, its preferred mode(s) of explanation, and its place in the treatise as a whole remain ... More


Teleology and Spontaneous Generation in Aristotle: A Discussion

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter offers a close reading and translation of the relevant passages on spontaneous generation in Generation of Animals III.11, showing that the ‘vital heat’ picked up from the water or ... More


First Principles in Aristotle's Parts of Animals

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Contrary to the views prevalent prior to this chapter's original publication, it is argued here that the explanatory practice in Parts of Animals (PA)is in fundamental harmony with the theory of the ... More


The Elephant's Nose: Further Reflections on the Axiomatic Structure of Biological Explanation in Aristotle

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the complexity of the axiomatic structure of Aristotelian biological explanation, building on the work of the previous chapter. Using Aristotle's explanatory account of the ... More


Division and Explanation in Aristotle's Parts of Animals

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how Aristotelian division facilitates work at the explanatory stage of Aristotelian science. The key is PA I.5 645a36‐b3, which states in short: ‘First divide the attributes, then ... More


Hephaistos Sweats or How to Construct an Ambivalent God

Jan N. Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

in The Gods of Ancient Greece: Identities and Transformations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748637980
eISBN:
9780748670758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

In the Greek pantheon there was a clear hierarchy. The most important gods were Zeus, Athena and Apollo, whereas other divinities, such as Poseidon, Artemis and Aphrodite, were clearly somewhat less ... More


A Theory of Justice for Animals: Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

Robert Garner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936311
eISBN:
9780199345816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936311.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book argues that animals are worthy recipients of justice, and that, in practice, excluding animals from a theory of justice amounts, at best, to the claim that we have very limited direct ... More


Metamorphoses of Gods into Animals and Humans

Jan N. Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

in The Gods of Ancient Greece: Identities and Transformations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748637980
eISBN:
9780748670758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Richard Buxton discuss five examples of narratives which relate in some way to divine metamorphosis, whether as animals or humans, for the purpose of presenting themselves to mortals. The narratives ... More


Meat Markets: The Cultural History of Bloody London

Ted Geier

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474424714
eISBN:
9781474434522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424714.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Meat Markets articulates the emergent ‘nonhuman thought’ developed across literatures of the long nineteenth century and inflecting recent critical theories of abject life and animality. It presents ... More


The Herds Shot Round the World: Native Breeds and the British Empire, c. 1800-1900

Rebecca J. H. Woods

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469634661
eISBN:
9781469634678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634661.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

As Britain industrialized in the early nineteenth century, animal breeders faced the need to convert livestock into products while maintaining the distinctive character of their breeds. Thus they ... More


The Novelist, the Lecturer, and the Limits of Persuasion: J. M. Coetzee and Elizabeth Costello on the Lives of Animals and Men

Michael Bell

in Open Secrets: Literature, Education, and Authority from J-J. Rousseau to J. M. Coetzee

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199208098
eISBN:
9780191709227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208098.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, European Literature

J. M. Coetzee is perhaps the author who most exemplifies at the turn of the century the nature of literary authority; a power and a predicament he has repeatedly thematised while refusing to ... More


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