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EU Trade Policy: The Exclusive Versus Shared' Competence Debate

Sophie Meunier and Kalypso Nicolaïdis

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter argues that the policy equilibrium established by the Treaty is unlikely to be sustainable due to several challenges. These are the relaunching of multilateral trade negotiations under ... More


From Maastricht to the Constitutional Treaty: the Return of National Parliaments?

Berthold Rittberger

in Building Europe's Parliament: Democratic Representation Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273423
eISBN:
9780191602764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273421.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Analyses the developments from the Maastricht Treaty leading up to the approval of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. It is first shown that after adoption of the SEA, the role of ... More


Spinoza's Heresy: Immortality and the Jewish Mind

Steven Nadler

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247073
eISBN:
9780191598074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is a study of the reasons behind Spinoza's excommunication from the Portuguese–Jewish community of Amsterdam in 1656. The central question in the book is how and why did the issue of the ... More


European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Karlheinz Neunreither and Antje Wiener (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European integration is at a turning point with implications for all member states and their citizens. The Amsterdam Treaty marked a shift towards constitutional issues. Integration has involved a ... More


Drawing the EU's Borders: Immigration Policy

Virginie Guiraudon

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The transfer of competence in areas considered emblematic of national sovereignty, like immigration and citizenship, should be a litmus test of the ‘polity’ ambitions of the EU. As of the early ... More


Flexibility: A Tool of Integration or a Restraint on Disintegration?

Helen Wallace

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

’Flexibility’ emerged as one of the key words in the practitioners’ discourse during the Intergovernmental Conference leading to the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. The term became part of the new ... More


Abuses of Asymmetry: Privilege and Exclusion

Peter Leslie

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Differentiated integration, e.g. arising out of the flexibility provisions of the Amsterdam Treaty, is a special instance of functional asymmetry within compound political systems such as federal ... More


East of Amsterdam: The Implications of the Amsterdam Treaty for Eastern Enlargement

Ulrich Sedelmeier

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Despite the member states’ failure to agree in the Amsterdam Treaty on institutional reforms that they presented before the 1996/7 IGC as prerequisites for enlargement, we should not expect the ... More


A Blairite Treaty: Neo‐Liberalism and Regulated Capitalism in the Treaty of Amsterdam

Mark A. Pollack

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU's founding Treaties have been characterized by political contestation along two dimensions: a centre‐periphery dimension in which centralization to Brussels is opposed to national sovereignty, ... More


Constitutional Settlements and the Citizen After the Treaty of Amsterdam

Jo Shaw

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on two related questions: the construction of the citizen as a constitutional figure in the EU, and the interpretation of the new constitutional settlement for the Union after the Treaty of ... More


Introduction: Amsterdam and Beyond

Antje Wiener and Karlheinz Neunreither

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European integration is at a turning point. While, in the past, students of the process focused on the development and institutional accommodation of major projects, the new challenge lies in ... More


The Amsterdam Treaty: The Blueprint for the Future Institutional Balance?

Gerda Falkner and Michael Nentwich

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The 1996‐97 intergovernmental conference (IGC) aimed, inter alia, at solving the most pressing institutional issues in order to prepare the ground for the next wave of enlargement. The paper first ... More


Negotiating Flexible Integration in the Amsterdam Treaty

Alexander C.‐G. Stubb

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Focuses on the negotiations that led to the institutionalization of closer cooperation or flexible integration, i.e. the possibility for a number of member states to cooperate more closely in ... More


Policing and Immigration: The Creation of New Policy Spaces

Penelope Turnbull and Wayne Sandholtz

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An analysis is made of the creation of new European Union (EU) spaces for cooperation in policing and immigration policies. The Treaty of Rome was silent on both topics, and before the Maastricht ... More


Amsterdam, Breda, 1643–1652

Noel Malcolm

in John Pell (1611-1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564843
eISBN:
9780191713750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564843.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter chronicles the life of John Pell in Amsterdam and Breda from 1643 to 1652. John Pell had little idea of what awaited him in Amsterdam; apparently he thought his trip was to be a brief ... More


The Global Securities Market: A History

Ranald Michie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280612
eISBN:
9780191712784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280612.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book presents a history of the global securities market. It is the product of over thirty years of research. It covers many aspects of the history of the securities markets from its beginnings ... More


Anti-Discrimination Law and the European Union

Mark Bell

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199244508
eISBN:
9780191697371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244508.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

The 1999 Treaty of Amsterdam expanded significantly the legal competence of the European Union for combatting discrimination. Traditionally, EU law has concentrated on discrimination between women ... More


Commercial Cities

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines how the competition between neighboring ports led Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to adapt institutional arrangements to the needs of international traders. It considers how ... More


The Organization of Exchange

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the creation of spot markets as a means for foreign traders in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam to find buyers or sellers and negotiate deals with them. It first considers how ... More


Crossing Borders

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role played by local magistrates in the governance of cross-border trade in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam. To organize cross-border transactions, international traders ... More


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