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Cairo, Mostaganem, and Basel

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter covers Gu”non’s biography from a series of disasters in 1927–28 that led to his emigration to Egypt in 1930 until the start of the Second World War. It examines Gu”non’s life in Egypt ... More


Being Salafi in the Early Twentieth Century

Henri Lauzière

in The Making of Salafism: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175500
eISBN:
9780231540179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175500.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 1 discusses the meaning of the word “Salafi” since the medieval period and how it started to change in the early twentieth century. It also explains the Orientalist construction of “modernist ... More


A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Stefan Winter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

The ʻAlawis, or Alawites, are a prominent religious minority in northern Syria, Lebanon, and southern Turkey, best known today for enjoying disproportionate political power in war-torn Syria. This ... More


Fezzes and Hats

Sarah D. Shields

in Fezzes in the River: Identity Politics and European Diplomacy in the Middle East on the Eve of World War II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393316
eISBN:
9780199894376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393316.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History, European Modern History

When Syria’s political leaders left Paris in the fall of 1936, their focus was on the new Franco-Syrian Treaty that promised their independence. On stopping in Istanbul en route to their triumphant ... More


Beyond the Mountain Refuge: ‘Alawism and the Sunni State (Thirteenth–Fifteenth Centuries)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter addresses what can in effect be described as the consolidation of the ʻAlawi community in a newfound “compact” form. It argues that the receding tide of Shiʻism did not expose the ... More


Geography, a Pathway through History

Engseng Ho

in The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility across the Indian Ocean

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520244535
eISBN:
9780520938694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520244535.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the social geography port town of Aden, the point in space and time at which the Hadrami diaspora ventured out into the Indian Ocean. It looks at how a certain kind of place is ... More


Ibn `Arabī and the Qur'an: A Series of Poems

Denis E. McAuley

in Ibn `Arabī’s Mystical Poetics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659548
eISBN:
9780191743375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659548.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Literature

This chapter looks at a set of poems each of which is dedicated to the ‘spirit’ of a sūra of the Qur'an. In some of the poems, Ibn `Arabī brings to bear his distinctive understanding of Qur'anic ... More


‘Ultra-Monorhyme’: A Stylistic Eccentricity in Comparative Perspective

Denis E. McAuley

in Ibn `Arabī’s Mystical Poetics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659548
eISBN:
9780191743375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659548.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Literature

This chapter begins with a close reading of a poem in what is described as ‘ultra-monorhyme,’ in which every verse ends with the same word, Allāhu. The poem is a dense meditation on how God permeates ... More


Dhufari Politics, Society, and Economy

Abdel Razzaq Takriti

in Monsoon Revolution: Republicans, Sultans, and Empires in Oman, 1965-1976

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199674435
eISBN:
9780191752353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674435.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History, Political History

This chapter provides an overview of the political, social, and economic history of Dhufar, beginning with its annexation by Muscat in the 19th century and ending with the rise of the Dhufar ... More


Separatism and Autonomism

Benjamin Thomas White

in The Emergence of Minorities in the Middle East: The Politics of Community in French Mandate Syria

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641871
eISBN:
9780748653287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641871.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Separatist mobilisations are commonly feared in new nation-states of the inter-war world and are commonly associated with minorities. Political mobilisations among minority populations are often ... More


The Alawis in the Ottoman Period

Stefan Winter

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The history of the Alawis in the Ottoman period is usually presented as one of discrimination, impoverishment and constant persecution. This contribution, rather than relying on the narrative ... More


Community, Sect, Nation: Colonial and Social Scientific Discourses on the Alawis in Syria During the Mandate and Early Independence Periods

Max Weiss

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Historians of the modern Middle East have long been concerned with the politics of identity, community and sect. The history of modern Syria remains bound up with the problematic of diversity and ... More


Alawi Diversity and Solidarity: From the Coast to the Interior

Leon T. Goldsmith

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter examines Syrian Alawi diversity and solidarity by delimiting two broad categories: Alawites of the Sahel (coast) and Dakhel (interior). These definitions do not suggest a clear division ... More


Alawis in the Syrian Opposition

Carsten Wieland

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Opposition to the Asad regime from within the Alawi community has always existed. Given the challenge that certain Alawis pose to the image of a cohesive and unified religious sect, their domination ... More


The Nusayris in Medieval Syria: From Religious Sect to Confessional Community (Tenth–Twelfth Centuries CE)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter re-examines the early development of the ʻAlawi community and its situation in western Syria in the medieval period in the wider context of what might be termed Islamic provincial ... More


The Age of Autonomy: ‘Alawi Notables as Ottoman Tax Farmers (1667–1808)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter follows the rise to power of the Shamsins, the Bayt al-Shillif, and associated ʻAlawi families as Ottoman tax concessionaries. It shows that their position of local autonomy, rather than ... More


Imperial Reform and Internal Colonization: ‘Alawi Society in the Face of Modernity (1808–1888)

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter highlights major trends in Ottoman and Syrian history affecting the ʻAlawi community in the nineteenth century. It begins by showing that the ʻAlawi notability increasingly came into ... More


Conclusion

Stefan Winter

in A History of the 'Alawis: From Medieval Aleppo to the Turkish Republic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167787
eISBN:
9781400883028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167787.003.0008
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. The book has shown that the multiplicity of lived ʻAlawi experiences cannot be reduced to the sole question of religion ... More


Jihadi-Salafism and the Shi‘Is: Remarks about the Intellectual Roots of anti-Shi‘ism

Guido Steinberg

in Global Salafism: Islam's New Religious Movement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199333431
eISBN:
9780190235680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333431.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter traces the introduction of anti-Shi’ism into the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood through Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Muhibb al-Din Khatib and other thinkers of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood. It ... More


The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Michael Kerr and Craig Larkin (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

Throughout the turbulent history of the Levant the Alawis — a secretive, resilient and ancient Muslim sect — have aroused suspicion and animosity, including accusations of religious heresy. More ... More


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