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The Innate Endowment for Language: Underspecified or Overspecified?

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two different views of universal grammar. Most linguists assume that universal grammar is underspecified — providing us with an incomplete grammar to be elaborated by learning. ... More


Oral Power and Europhone Glory: Orature, Literature, and Stolen Legacies

Ngũgĩ Wa Thiongʼo

in Penpoints, Gunpoints, and Dreams: Towards a Critical Theory of the Arts and the State in Africa

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183907
eISBN:
9780191674136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183907.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter focuses on the three traditions in imaginative verbal production in Africa. The first tradition is that of the linguistic agent, the one who, no matter what the standpoint of his ... More


The P Route

Enoch O. Aboh

in Mapping Spatial PPs: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 6

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393675
eISBN:
9780199796847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393675.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter starts from a comparison of spatial expressions in West African languages noting that while Kwa languages have the Ground DP between a stative/directional P and an (axial) part P (lit. ... More


Secret Manipulations: Language and Context in Africa

Anne Storch

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199768974
eISBN:
9780199914425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book deals with a specific form of language change: deliberate manipulations of a language by its speakers. These manipulations are based and depending on cultural and social contexts, they are ... More


Change and Manipulation

Anne Storch

in Secret Manipulations: Language and Context in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199768974
eISBN:
9780199914425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199768974.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

After giving an overview of the history of research on African manipulated languages and the meanings attributed to the phenomenon by Africanists, the consequences that speakers' choices may actually ... More


Language and the Media in Africa: Between the Old Empire and the New

Alamin Mazrui

in Media and Identity in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635221
eISBN:
9780748653010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635221.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Peter Mwaura, former director of the School of Journalism of the University of Nairobi, has argued that ‘if the communication media [in Africa] are to be part of our culture as indeed all effective ... More


Learn More Zulu

Mark Sanders

in Learning Zulu: A Secret History of Language in South Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691167565
eISBN:
9781400881086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167565.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the ways that white appropriation gave Zulu its power and value relative to other African signifiers. It first provides an overview of the legacy of John William Colenso, who, ... More


Communicating and Commanding

Johannes Fabian

in Out of Our Minds: Reason and Madness in the Exploration of Central Africa

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520221222
eISBN:
9780520923935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221222.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses practices that, according to present views of ethnography, should make up the core of exploration: Communicating with the people. The sources here contain copious information ... More


Discourse, Cultural Imperialism, Black Culture and Language Research in the United States

Garrett Albert Duncan

in Discourse as Cultural Struggle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098114
eISBN:
9789882206830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098114.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter provides a critical account of African American language research discourse and cultural imperialism in the U.S. It analyzes the discourses that underlie research on African American ... More


Linguistic Atonement

Janet McIntosh

in Unsettled: Denial and Belonging Among White Kenyans

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520290495
eISBN:
9780520964631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290495.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter analyzes the link between settlers' competence in African languages and their ability to treat Africans humanely. These linkages to linguistic ability speak to sweeping matters of ... More


The Challenge of Documenting Africa’s Least-Known Languages

Bonny Sands

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The lack of adequate documentation for African languages is a major challenge facing linguists. Understandably, priority has often been given to the most endangered languages, but the level of ... More


The African Diaspora and Language: Movement, Borrowing, and Return

Maureen Warner-Lewis

in Tracing Language Movement in Africa

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190657543
eISBN:
9780190657574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190657543.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Nowhere in the Americas is any African language used for routine communicative purposes. But fossilized spoken texts, songs, and chants are still performed for rituals, largely but not exclusively of ... More


“It Was a Black City”: African American Language in California’s Changing Urban Schools and Communities

Django Paris

in Raciolinguistics: How Language Shapes Our Ideas About Race

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190625696
eISBN:
9780190625726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625696.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

From Oakland to Long Beach, from South Central Los Angeles to South San Francisco, historically African American neighborhoods and schools are shifting to predominantly Latino/a populations with ... More


How functional are referential aids?

Andrej A. Kibrik

in Reference in Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199215805
eISBN:
9780191728426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215805.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter assesses several aspects of how conventional referential aids function in discourse. First, all languages have a functional need to preclude referential conflicts. How many conventional ... More


Africa’s Endangered Languages: An Overview

Jason Kandybowicz and Harold Torrence

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter provides an overview of language endangerment in sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting previous efforts to document the continent’s endangered languages and ascertain their threat levels, the ... More


Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Jason Kandybowicz and Harold Torrence (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Relatively little is known about Africa’s endangered languages. In an era when we are racing against time to study and preserve the world’s threatened languages before they go extinct, a ... More


Léopold Sédar Senghor

Florian Coulmas

in Guardians of Language: Twenty Voices Through History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736523
eISBN:
9780191818646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736523.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Léopold Sédar Senghor grew up in French West Africa, studied in France, became a French citizen, and, against his will, the first President of an independent Senegal. He embodied the tensions and ... More


Possession in Hone 1

Anne Storch

in Possession and Ownership

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660223
eISBN:
9780191745096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660223.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Hone is a Jukunoid (Benue-Congo) language spoken in north-eastern Nigeria. This chapter provides a comprehensive analysis of the grammar of possession in Hone, with a special focus on the semantics ... More


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