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Jane Crow (1960s)

Sarah Azaransky

in The Dream Is Freedom: Pauli Murray and American Democratic Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744817
eISBN:
9780199897308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744817.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes landmark legal arguments Murray made about equal protection in the 1960s. Using the category of “Jane Crow,” she demanded that the law be responsive to the synthetic nature of ... More


Supporting Voice in Women Living with HIV/AIDS

Rosanna F. DeMarco

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the ways in which self-silencing theory can be used to understand the experiences of women in inner-city Boston living with HIV/AIDS. The author discusses how the ... More


Five. Representative Women: Slavery and the Gendered Ground of Citizenship

Lawrie Balfour

in Democracy's Reconstruction: Thinking Politically with W.E.B. Du Bois

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195377293
eISBN:
9780199893768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377293.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the 1920 essay “The Damnation of Women,” Du Bois's collective biography of African American women. Despite the masculinism that defines much of his writing, and the tensions ... More


Descendents of Hagar (1950s)

Sarah Azaransky

in The Dream Is Freedom: Pauli Murray and American Democratic Faith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744817
eISBN:
9780199897308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744817.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter covers Murray's career and writings as a young lawyer in the late 1940s through the 1950s. It explores her development of a new kind of American history and an account of black American ... More


In League With Women Voters

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Having won the ballot, the former suffragists organized the nonpartisan League of Women Voters, through which women could continue to work as a pressure group for a female reform agenda. Minnie ... More


Ain't I a Beauty Queen? Representing the Ideal Black Woman

Maxine Leeds Craig

in Ain't I a Beauty Queen?: Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195152623
eISBN:
9780199849345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152623.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter presents the history of early African American beauty contests, which were black institutional responses to racist depictions of black women. They constitute evidence that African ... More


Licentiousness in All Its Forms

April R. Haynes

in Riotous Flesh: Women, Physiology, and the Solitary Vice in Nineteenth-Century America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226284590
eISBN:
9780226284767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284767.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

“Licentiousness in All its Forms” recovers African American women’s significant intervention into sexual discourse between 1835 and 1845, a period here designated the interracial moment in moral ... More


Constructing and Contesting Knowledge in Women’s Cross-cultural Hair Testimonies

Lanita Jacobs-Huey

in From the Kitchen to the Parlor: Language and Becoming in African American Women's Hair Care

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304169
eISBN:
9780199866939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304169.003.06
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores conversations involving black and white women across multiple settings (for example, cosmetology schools, hair educational seminars, Internet discussions) that further elucidate ... More


“Jesus Is My Doctor”: Healing and Religion in African American Women's Lives

Stephanie Y. Mitchem

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

“Jesus is my doctor”, a claim made by many black women, raises a rich mélange of culturally resonant issues. Faith is articulated as an active, powerful, protective, creative partnership with a God ... More


Introduction: From the Kitchen to the Parlor

Lanita Jacobs-Huey

in From the Kitchen to the Parlor: Language and Becoming in African American Women's Hair Care

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304169
eISBN:
9780199866939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304169.003.08
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book provides an ethnographic and multi-sited account of how African American women use language to negotiate the significance of hair in their everyday lives. From the perspective of linguistic ... More


“Unity in Diversity”: The National Association of Colored Women’s

Susan D. Carle

in Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice Organizing, 1880-1915

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945740
eISBN:
9780199369843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945740.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Social History

This chapter argues that the role of the National Association of Colored Women in early law-related civil rights activism should be reconceptualized to emphasize the importance of African American ... More


“All Hair Is Good Hair”: Integrating Beauty in the 1950s and 1960s

Susannah Walker

in Style and Status: Selling Beauty to African American Women, 1920-1975

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124339
eISBN:
9780813134802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124339.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses how the African American women's beauty culture reached new heights of commercialization and economic prominence in urban black communities. This occurred about twenty years ... More


Introduction: “a long time in want of a bureau”

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands—more commonly known as the Freedmen's Bureau—in March 1865. Upon its creation, the short-lived and ... More


Support for Women's Domestic Economy in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Susan Thistle

in From Marriage to the Market: The Transformation of Women's Lives and Work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245907
eISBN:
9780520939196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245907.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines the influence of gender and economic development on women's work and family life, and the ways in which these two areas interact. Anchoring gender in women's work, this chapter ... More


The 1990s–2000s: “I’m Beautiful and I’m Here”

Stacy Wolf

in Changed for Good: A Feminist History of the Broadway Musical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195378238
eISBN:
9780199897018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378238.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Popular, History, American

Chapter 5 discusses a group of musicals produced around 2000 that foreground race / ethnicity as well as gender: Parade, Caroline, or Change, The Color Purple, and In the Heights. By studying key ... More


Sheep without a Shepherd; or, What Women Experienced

Karin E. Gedge

in Without Benefit of Clergy: Women and the Pastoral Relationship in Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195130201
eISBN:
9780199835157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130200.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The diaries and correspondence of two dozen northern Protestant women offer little evidence of a close bond with a pastor unless the pastoral relationship became a marital relationship. Despite ... More


A Fragile Freedom: African American Women and Emancipation in the Antebellum City

Erica Armstrong Dunbar

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300125917
eISBN:
9780300145069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300125917.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book describes the lives of African American women in the urban north during the early years of the republic. It investigates how African American women in Philadelphia journeyed from ... More


Introduction The Multidimensionality of Poverty in a Postwar City

Lisa Levenstein

in A Movement Without Marches: African American Women and the Politics of Poverty in Postwar Philadelphia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832721
eISBN:
9781469605883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889985_levenstein.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory begins by discussing African American women's interactions with public institutions, which played a key role in the so-called “origins of the urban crisis”: the growing ... More


Introduction

Martha S. Jones

in All Bound Up Together: The Woman Question in African American Public Culture, 1830-1900

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831526
eISBN:
9781469605012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888902_jones.3
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book takes up one crucial aspect of the “woman question” debate: the extent to which African American women would exercise autonomy and authority within their community's public culture. Black ... More


“What If I Am a Woman”: Black Women’s Campaigns for Sexual Justice and Citizenship

Crystal N. Feimster

in The World the Civil War Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624181
eISBN:
9781469624204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624181.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on African American women's resistance to sexual violence during the transition from slavery to freedom and how their campaigns against rape influenced national debates about the ... More


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