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Architectural Agents: The Delusional, Abusive, Addictive Lives of Buildings

Annabel Jane Wharton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780816693382
eISBN:
9781452950853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816693382.001.0001
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Buildings are not benign; rather, they commonly manipulate and abuse their human users. Architectural Agents makes the case that buildings act in the world independently of their makers, patrons, ... More


Institutional Encounters: Identification and Anonymity in Russian Addiction Treatment (and Ethnography)

Eugene Raikhel

in Being There: The Fieldwork Encounter and the Making of Truth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257757
eISBN:
9780520943438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257757.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter compares typical experiences and practices of identification and anonymity in the state-run Addiction Hospital and the House of Recovery. “Identification” can refer both to the ... More


The Relevance of the Neuroscience of Addiction to Criminal Law

Douglas Husak and Emily Murphy

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We discuss how the complexities of conducting neuroscience research on addiction limit its application to the criminal law. Individual addicts vary enormously, and the general findings of ... More


Trends in adolescent substance use and their implications for understanding trends in mental health

Ann Hagell, Judith Aldridge, Petra Meier, Tim Millar, Jennifer Symonds, and Michael Donmall

in Changing Adolescence: Social Trends and Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781447301042
eISBN:
9781447307242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447301042.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

One of the most obvious social changes over the second half of the 20th century was the increase in the proportion of young people using alcohol and different kinds of drugs. Recreational use of ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Introduction: Toward an Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

D. Preston Stephanie, Morten L. Kringelbach, and Knutson Brian

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Consumption is the endpoint of any resource-allocation decision in which individuals acquire something for their own use. This can occur in conserved and ancient forms (e.g., ingesting food, drinks, ... More


Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Neil Levy (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Addiction seems to involve a significant degree of loss of control over behaviour, yet it remains mysterious how such a loss of control occurs and how it can be compatible with the retention of ... More


In Praise of Desire

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Praise of Desire aims to show that ordinary desires belong at the heart of moral psychology. It has three core theses, adding up to a doctrine it calls Spare Conativism. These are (1) ... More


The Freedom to Choose and Drug Addiction

P. Read Montague

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Montague proposes a computational model to understand addiction. His key idea is a special kind of reward prediction error signal in addicts. In his comments, Yaffe discusses what Montague's work on ... More


Denying Autonomy in Order to Create It: The Paradox of Forcing Treatment upon Addicts

Arthur L. Caplan

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

American bioethics affords extraordinary respect to the values of personal autonomy and patient self-determination. Many would argue that the most significant achievement deriving from bioethics in ... More


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