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Cannabinoids and the Brain

Linda A. Parker

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Cannabinoids and the Brain introduces an informed general audience to the scientific discovery of the endocannabinoid system and recent preclinical research that explains its importance in brain ... More


Architectural Agents: The Delusional, Abusive, Addictive Lives of Buildings

Annabel Jane Wharton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780816693382
eISBN:
9781452950853
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816693382.001.0001
Subject:
Architecture, Architectural History

Buildings are not benign; rather, they commonly manipulate and abuse their human users. Architectural Agents makes the case that buildings act in the world independently of their makers, patrons, ... More


Trends in adolescent substance use and their implications for understanding trends in mental health

Ann Hagell, Judith Aldridge, Petra Meier, Tim Millar, Jennifer Symonds, and Michael Donmall

in Changing Adolescence: Social Trends and Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9781447301042
eISBN:
9781447307242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447301042.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

One of the most obvious social changes over the second half of the 20th century was the increase in the proportion of young people using alcohol and different kinds of drugs. Recreational use of ... More


Institutional Encounters: Identification and Anonymity in Russian Addiction Treatment (and Ethnography)

Eugene Raikhel

in Being There: The Fieldwork Encounter and the Making of Truth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257757
eISBN:
9780520943438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257757.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter compares typical experiences and practices of identification and anonymity in the state-run Addiction Hospital and the House of Recovery. “Identification” can refer both to the ... More


The Relevance of the Neuroscience of Addiction to Criminal Law

Douglas Husak and Emily Murphy

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We discuss how the complexities of conducting neuroscience research on addiction limit its application to the criminal law. Individual addicts vary enormously, and the general findings of ... More


Cannabinoids, Reward, and Addiction

Linda A. Parker

in Cannabinoids and the Brain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter critical for reward processing and is elevated by most addicting drugs. The effect of THC and other CB1 agonists moderately elevate dopamine in reward related regions ... More


Serotonergic Neurotransmission and Its Role in Negative Affect

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

While dopaminergic neurotransmission has largely been implicated in reinforcement learning and model-based versus model-free decision making, serotonergic neurotransmission has been implicated in ... More


Chronic Displacement and Persons without Home

M. Jan Holton

in Longing for Home: Forced Displacement and Postures of Hospitality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300207620
eISBN:
9780300220797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207620.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The context of forced displacement in chapter 7 is what we know as chronic homelessness in the United States. Here we explore the risk to interhuman relationship that is its result. Published ... More


Incentive Salience in Addiction and Over-Consumption

Michael J. F. Robinson, Terry E. Robinson, and Kent C. Berridge

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Incentive salience (‘wanting’) normally provides an ‘oomph’ that spurs attention to and motivation for objects of desire. But when amplified excessively by brain mesolimbic sensitization, a set of ... More


Introduction: Toward an Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

D. Preston Stephanie, Morten L. Kringelbach, and Knutson Brian

in The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027670
eISBN:
9780262325387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027670.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Consumption is the endpoint of any resource-allocation decision in which individuals acquire something for their own use. This can occur in conserved and ancient forms (e.g., ingesting food, drinks, ... More


Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Neil Levy (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Addiction seems to involve a significant degree of loss of control over behaviour, yet it remains mysterious how such a loss of control occurs and how it can be compatible with the retention of ... More


In Praise of Desire

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Praise of Desire aims to show that ordinary desires belong at the heart of moral psychology. It has three core theses, adding up to a doctrine it calls Spare Conativism. These are (1) ... More


Decadent aesthetics and Richard Marsh’s <i>The Mystery of Philip Bennion’s Death</i>

Daniel Orrells

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890-1915: Rereading the fin de siècle

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526124340
eISBN:
9781526136206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526124340.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Richard Marsh’s fiction made a significant contribution to the arguments that circulated during the 1890s about aesthetics and the commodification of culture. The plots of sensational popular novels ... More


The Freedom to Choose and Drug Addiction

P. Read Montague

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Montague proposes a computational model to understand addiction. His key idea is a special kind of reward prediction error signal in addicts. In his comments, Yaffe discusses what Montague's work on ... More


Denying Autonomy in Order to Create It: The Paradox of Forcing Treatment upon Addicts

Arthur L. Caplan

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

American bioethics affords extraordinary respect to the values of personal autonomy and patient self-determination. Many would argue that the most significant achievement deriving from bioethics in ... More


Addiction as Accomplishment: The Discursive Construction of Disease

Craig Reinarman

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The ubiquity of the disease concept of addiction obscures the fact that it did not emerge from the accretion of scientific discoveries. Addiction-as-disease has been continuously redefined, mostly in ... More


The Ethics of Addiction

Thomas S. Szasz

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The author believes and attempts to demonstrate that “drug abuse” and “drug addiction” are moral rather than medical problems. The basic issue underlying these problems is: In a conflict between the ... More


Myths about the Treatment of Addiction

Charles P. O’Brien and A. Thomas McLellan

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The authors argue that addictions are similar to other chronic disorders such as arthritis, hypertension, asthma, and diabetes. Addicting drugs produce changes in brain pathways that endure long ... More


Ethical Considerations in Caring for People Living with Addictions

Laura Weiss Roberts and Kim Bullock

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The care of people living with addiction is ethically complex work. Addiction is stigmatized in our society and clinical services for addiction-related conditions are underdeveloped, raising many ... More


Are Addicts Akratic?: Interpreting the Neuroscience of Reward

Gideon Yaffe

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Working with the view that akratic action is action that conflicts with what the agent values at the time of action, the paper asks whether addicts act akratically. The paper offers an interpretation ... More


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