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Emergence of complex food web structure in community evolution models

Nicolas Loeuille and Michel Loreau

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.00013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Evolutionary dynamics may help us understand the structure and dynamics of food webs. The theoretical understanding of empirical food web patterns faces a dilemma, as it is difficult to account ... More


Who Killed Betty Gail Brown?: Murder, Mistrial, and Mystery

Robert G. Lawson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174624
eISBN:
9780813174655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174624.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Betty Gail Brown was nineteen years old in 1961. A second-year student at Transylvania University. On the evening of October 26, 1961, she drove to campus to study with friends for an exam. Around ... More


Adaptive Management: Popular but Difficult to Implement

Judith A. Layzer and Alexis Schulman

in Conceptual Innovation in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036580
eISBN:
9780262341585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036580.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Popularized by scientists in the 1970s, adaptive management is an integrative, multi-disciplinary approach to managing landscapes and natural resources. Despite its broad appeal many critics complain ... More


The Art of Command: Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell

Harry S. Laver and Jeffrey J. Matthews (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174723
eISBN:
9780813174778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174723.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The Art of Command provides biographical and topical portraits of exceptional leaders from all four branches of the United States armed forces. Laver and Matthews have identified eleven core ... More


Bayesian Models for Sparse Regression Analysis of High Dimensional Data *

Sylvia Richardson, Leonardo Bottolo, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This paper considers the task of building efficient regression models for sparse multivariate analysis of high dimensional data sets, in particular it focuses on cases where the numbers q of ... More


Using TPA for Bayesian Inference *

Mark Huber and Sarah Schott

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Finding the integrated likelihood of a model given the data requires the integration of a nonnegative function over the parameter space. Classical Monte Carlo methods for numerical integration ... More


Order Out of Chaos: Order in Neural Networks

Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides details about order effects in neural networks, a commonly used modeling approach. It examines two networks in detail, the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) architecture and Jeff ... More


Phenotype Landscapes, Adaptive Landscapes, and the Evolution of Development

Sean H. Rice

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright originally conceived of his Adaptive Landscape as a visual device to capture the consequences of non-linear (epistatic) interactions between genes. A useful way to visualise a ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Adaptive Landscape

Erik I Svensson and Ryan Caisbeek

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright’s classic Adaptive Landscape has been a highly successful metaphor and scientific concept in evolutionary biology. It has influenced many different research subdisciplines in ... More


Adaptive Psychophysical Procedures

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Adaptive procedures are developed to reduce the burden of data collection in psychophysics by creating more efficient experimental test designs and methods of estimating either statistics or ... More


Policy Frameworks: Scaling Civic Ecology Practices Up and Out

Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

in Civic Ecology: Adaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028653
eISBN:
9780262327169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Three general steps move civic ecology practices from small local innovations to broader policy innovations: giving a label to the phenomenon (in our case “civic ecology”); becoming more effective as ... More


What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Bennett L. Schwartz, Mark L. Howe, Michael P. Toglia, and Henry Otgaar (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Human memory, like other biological systems, has been subject to natural selection over the course of evolution. However, cognitive systems do not fossilize, which means that current researchers must ... More


Assembling Diverse Knowledges: Trails and Storied Spaces in Time

David Turnbull and Wade Chambers

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This paper explores a variety of approaches to the assemblage of knowledges from differing traditions without subsuming them into the overarching suppositions and prerequisite standards of any given ... More


Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Vision is one of the most active areas in biomedical research, and visual psychophysical techniques are a foundational methodology for this research enterprise. Visual psychophysics, which studies ... More


Proximate Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Survival Processing Effect

Edgar Erdfelder and Meike Kroneisen

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The authors conclude that four well-established domain-general mechanisms of human memory—memorial benefits caused by (1) arousal, (2) item congruity, (3) richness of encoding, and (4) the ... More


The Adaptive Value of Survival Processing in Childhood Trauma Victims

Linsey Raymaekers, Henry Otgaar, Maarten J. V. Peters, and Tom Smeets

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Past research showed the robust effect of survival processing in several undergraduate samples. Recently, this effect was also demonstrated in children (Aslan & Bäuml, 2012; Otgaar & Smeets, 2010). ... More


Adaptive Memory: Controversies and Future Directions

James S. Nairne

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Although a structural stance can produce significant advances in our understanding of cognitive systems, functionless tinkering often leads to directionless research or to theoretical frameworks ... More


What Is Adaptive Memory?

Henry Otgaar, Mark L. Howe, Bennett L. Schwartz, and Michael P. Toglia

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Memory allows us to think back about past episodes, such as witnessing a crime, but also to mentally plan prospective contingencies that can aid us in our future plans, such as avoiding the location ... More


Adaptive Memory: Survival Processing, Ancestral Relevance, and the Role of Elaboration

Mark L. Howe and Mary H. Derbish

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Recent research has shown that when lists of words are processed for their relevance to a survival scenario (e.g., stranded in the grasslands of a foreign land), true memory performance is higher ... More


Survival Processing Does Not Improve Paired-Associate Learning

Bennett L. Schwartz and Brock R. Brothers

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Evaluating words for survival relevance leads to better free recall than many common encoding strategies (Nairne & Pandeirada, 2011). We addressed if survival processing advantages would generalize ... More


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