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Emergence of complex food web structure in community evolution models

Nicolas Loeuille and Michel Loreau

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.00013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Evolutionary dynamics may help us understand the structure and dynamics of food webs. The theoretical understanding of empirical food web patterns faces a dilemma, as it is difficult to account ... More


Who Killed Betty Gail Brown?: Murder, Mistrial, and Mystery

Robert G. Lawson

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174624
eISBN:
9780813174655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174624.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Betty Gail Brown was nineteen years old in 1961. A second-year student at Transylvania University. On the evening of October 26, 1961, she drove to campus to study with friends for an exam. Around ... More


Adaptive Management: Popular but Difficult to Implement

Judith A. Layzer and Alexis Schulman

in Conceptual Innovation in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036580
eISBN:
9780262341585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036580.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Popularized by scientists in the 1970s, adaptive management is an integrative, multi-disciplinary approach to managing landscapes and natural resources. Despite its broad appeal many critics complain ... More


The Art of Command: Military Leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell

Harry S. Laver and Jeffrey J. Matthews (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174723
eISBN:
9780813174778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174723.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The Art of Command provides biographical and topical portraits of exceptional leaders from all four branches of the United States armed forces. Laver and Matthews have identified eleven core ... More


Bayesian Models for Sparse Regression Analysis of High Dimensional Data *

Sylvia Richardson, Leonardo Bottolo, and Jeffrey S. Rosenthal

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This paper considers the task of building efficient regression models for sparse multivariate analysis of high dimensional data sets, in particular it focuses on cases where the numbers q of ... More


Using TPA for Bayesian Inference *

Mark Huber and Sarah Schott

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Finding the integrated likelihood of a model given the data requires the integration of a nonnegative function over the parameter space. Classical Monte Carlo methods for numerical integration ... More


Order Out of Chaos: Order in Neural Networks

Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides details about order effects in neural networks, a commonly used modeling approach. It examines two networks in detail, the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) architecture and Jeff ... More


Phenotype Landscapes, Adaptive Landscapes, and the Evolution of Development

Sean H. Rice

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright originally conceived of his Adaptive Landscape as a visual device to capture the consequences of non-linear (epistatic) interactions between genes. A useful way to visualise a ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Adaptive Landscape

Erik I Svensson and Ryan Caisbeek

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright’s classic Adaptive Landscape has been a highly successful metaphor and scientific concept in evolutionary biology. It has influenced many different research subdisciplines in ... More


Adaptive Psychophysical Procedures

Zhong-Lin Lu and Barbara Dosher

in Visual Psychophysics: From Laboratory to Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019453
eISBN:
9780262314930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019453.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

Adaptive procedures are developed to reduce the burden of data collection in psychophysics by creating more efficient experimental test designs and methods of estimating either statistics or ... More


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