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Holland's Pyramid of Credit

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

As Holland's “common means” became the chief revenue of the confederate provinces, the Lords States managed to fend off efforts, by Orange and then by Leicester, to impose centralized control on ... More


Religion and National Identity: Governing Scottish Presbyterianism in the Eighteenth Century

Alistair Mutch

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780748699155
eISBN:
9781474412513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748699155.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Presbyterianism has shaped Scotland and its impact on the world. Behind its beliefs lie some distinctive practices of governance which endure even when belief fades. These practices place a ... More


Freedom of information and policing: still a very secret service

Richard Dowling

in Ireland and the Freedom of Information Act: FOI@15

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097188
eISBN:
9781526104281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097188.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Looks at the difficult balancing act required by the needs of freedom of information versus law enforcement. Richard Dowling, an RTE investigative journalist with considerable experience of using FOI ... More


The Civil Service

Wilson Wong

in Contemporary Hong Kong Politics: Governance in the Post-1997 Era

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098299
eISBN:
9789882206779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098299.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explores an influential political institution in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR): the civil service. It also investigates the structural and systemic features of the ... More


Blaming Europe?: Responsibility Without Accountability in the European Union

Sara B. Hobolt and James Tilley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199665686
eISBN:
9780191756115
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665686.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ’who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union, or how ... More


Commentary: Reasonableness and Politics

Daniel Callahan

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0077
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The principle of “accountability for reasonableness” seems both wise and full of common sense, but several doubts and questions remain. In a political system such as that in the U.S., where the ... More


Commentary: Deliberation, Fair Outcome, and Empirical Evidence: An Analogy with Archives

Taro Okuda

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0078
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper examines Norman Daniels’ approach toward “Accountability for Reasonableness” through an analogy with archives, especially with regard to qualification for deliberation, the relationship ... More


Response to Commentaries: Further Thoughts on Implementing Accountability for Reasonableness

James Sabin and Norman Daniels

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0081
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Accountability for reasonableness is no panacea for various political problems. Daniel Callahan suggests that accountability for reasonableness requires strong leadership—perhaps the leadership of a ... More


The Trouble with Psychopaths 1

Gary Watson

in Reasons and Recognition: Essays on the Philosophy of T.M. Scanlon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753673
eISBN:
9780199918829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753673.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Psychopathy underscores a persistent tension in our conception of moral agency. On the one hand, psychopaths are rational creatures who are capable of deliberately injuring, manipulating, and ... More


Reappraising and rethinking the office of councillor

Colin Copus

in In Defence of Councillors

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719088322
eISBN:
9781526104236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088322.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter examines what is known from past studies about the roles of the councillor and reviews, briefly those studies to provide a framework for the rest of the book. It contributes to councillor ... More


Councillors: bringing order to chaos

Colin Copus

in In Defence of Councillors

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719088322
eISBN:
9781526104236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088322.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The chapter examines the strategies and approaches councillors develop to interact with a wide range of players in governance networks. It explores how, if at all, councillors attempt to influence ... More


Trusting Green: The Organizations behind the Information

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 3 begins with a decision scenario involving the Forest Stewardship Council and Sustainable Forestry Initiative. They both provide information about toilet paper greenness, but which of these ... More


Central banks: Powerful, political and unaccountable?

Willem H. Buiter

in British Academy Lectures 2013-14

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780197265864
eISBN:
9780191772016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265864.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The economic and political importance of central banks has grown markedly in advanced economies since the start of the Great Financial Crisis in 2007. In this article it is argued that the ... More


Ask What You Can Do For Your (New) Country: How Host States Use Diasporas

Nadejda K Marinova

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190623418
eISBN:
9780190623432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190623418.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This book focuses on a previously unexamined phenomenon: how host governments utilize diasporas to advance their foreign policy agendas in mutually beneficial ways. The book advances a four-factor ... More


Closing the Gun Show and Secondary Market Loophole

James B. Jacobs

in Can Gun Control Work?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176582
eISBN:
9780199850020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176582.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers the feasibility of perfecting the FFA-GCA-Brady Law regime by extending the background check and waiting period requirement to sales at gun shows and ultimately to all ... More


Critical realism

Anastasia Marinopoulou

in Critical Theory and Epistemology: The Politics of Modern Thought and Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526105370
eISBN:
9781526128157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105370.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Critical realism attempted to ground dialectics in realism.Roy Bhaskar insisted on presenting the epistemological validity of mechanisms which, as he maintains, encompass both perception and the laws ... More


Social Work Science and Understanding

Ian Shaw

in Social Work Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231166409
eISBN:
9780231541602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166409.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter I continue the exploration of three central concerns for social work science—evidence, justice, and, here, understanding. The challenges and questions are, if anything, still more ... More


The Structure, Financing, and Processes of Federally Mandated Comparative Effectiveness Research and Why They Matter

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Throughout the legislative odyssey of federal policy on comparative effectiveness research from 2002 to 2008, the specifics of the policy took many different forms. While opponents to ... More


Applying the Definitions

Joseph Y. Halpern

in Actual Causality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035026
eISBN:
9780262336611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

The book concludes with a summary of the key points made, and a discussion of three applications areas from computer science: causality in databases, causality in program verification, and the use of ... More


A New Beginning to Policing in Northern Ireland – The Report of The Independent Commission On Policing For Northern Ireland

Desmond Rea and Robin Masefield

in Policing in Northern Ireland: Delivering the New Beginning?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781781381502
eISBN:
9781781382172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381502.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter summarises the report of the Independent Commission on Policing chaired by Lord Patten, published in September 1999. It explains the significance of the report for the subsequent ... More


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