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Introduction

Shafique N. Virani

in The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, a Search for Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195311730
eISBN:
9780199785490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311730.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Shi'i Muslims believe that by divine decree, at a place called Ghadir Khumm, the Prophet Muhammad declared his cousin and son-in-law 'Ali as his successor, and the first in a lineage of Imams to whom ... More


The Mongol Shock: Can Judaism Survive when Trade and Urban Economies Collapse?

Maristella Botticini and Zvi Eckstein

in The Chosen Few: How Education Shaped Jewish History, 70-1492

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144870
eISBN:
9781400842483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144870.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia, beginning in 1219 and culminating in the razing of Baghdad in 1258. The Mongol invasion of Persia and Mesopotamia contributed to ... More


In the Presence of Power: Court and Performance in the Pre-Modern Middle East

Evelyn Vitz

Maurice Pomerantz (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781479879366
eISBN:
9781479884131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479879366.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Rulers’ courts of the pre-modern Middle East have long been a staple of Western fantasies about the East. Yet in spite of the importance of the court as a symbol of the absolutist power of the ... More


THE WISE FOOL

Michael W. Dols and Diana E. Immisch

in Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202219
eISBN:
9780191675218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0013
Subject:
History, World Medieval History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early Abbasid period, there appears to have been an appreciable number of ‘wise fools’ or, alternatively, a number of individuals who were given particular prominence by those who labelled ... More


The Violence of the Abbasid Revolution

Chase F. Robinson

in Living Islamic History: Studies in Honour of Professor Carole Hillenbrand

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748637386
eISBN:
9780748653218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637386.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The shift from Marwanid to Abbasid rule involved a measure of violence so intense and systematic that it exceeded the cultural limits which normally prevailed. In the eyes of Sharik b. Shaykh and ... More


The Consolidation of Abbasid Power: Al-Manṣūr and Al-Mahdī (754–785)

Andrew Marsham

in Rituals of Islamic Monarchy: Accession and Succession in the First Muslim Empire

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625123
eISBN:
9780748653157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625123.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the consolidation of Abbasid power. Al-Mansūr ruled for only twenty-one years and much of his reign was marked by continued upheavals and conflicts. Rebellions in the name of ... More


CONTROLLING AND DEVELOPING BAGHDAD: CALIPHS, SULTANS AND THE BALANCE OF POWER IN THE ABBASID CAPITAL (MID-5TH/11TH TO LATE 6TH/12TH CENTURIES)

Vanessa Van Renterghem

in The Seljuqs: Politics, Society and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639946
eISBN:
9780748653294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639946.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Seljuq Iraq, though a central Islamic land and heart of the Abbayasid caliphate has not received the scholarly attention it deserves. Generally, descriptions of Iran under the Seljuq rule were seen ... More


In Defense of All Houses of Worship?: Jihad in the Context of Interfaith Relations

Asma Afsaruddin

in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199755042
eISBN:
9780199950508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755042.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is a comparative study of early and late exegeses of Qur’an 22:39-40 and of the specific historical circumstances in which they were generated. The focus is on what this changing ... More


The Reader in al-Jāḥiẓ: The Epistolary Rhetoric of an Arabic Prose Master

Thomas Hefter

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748692743
eISBN:
9781474400961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692743.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The ninth century essayist, theologian and encyclopedist ‘Amr b. Baḥr al-Jāḥiẓ is one of our richest sources on the intellectual and social life of the early centuries of Islam. He has long been ... More


Al-Jā-hiẓ: In Praise of Books

James Montgomery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748683321
eISBN:
9780748695072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748683321.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book documents and explores a ninth century Muslim thinker’s response to an emergent information technology—widely available books written on rag-paper. By 850, in Baghdad rag-paper books were ... More


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