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Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit ... More


Advances in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders: An Introduction

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter emphasizes the importance of rooting research in an interdisciplinary framework that can investigate attention across multiple levels: genetic, brain, cognitive, and ... More


Genes and Atypical Attention

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 3 introduces the six core neurodevelopmental disorders and their genetic origins. The genetics of four disorders (Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and 22q11 deletion ... More


Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 8 focuses exclusively on ADHD, a complex disorder with a broad spectrum of involvement. It is also one of the most widely researched of neurodevelopmental disorders; yet pinpointing its ... More


Treating Attentional Impairments

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 10 addresses the significant issue of treatment of attentional impairment through both stimulant medication and psychosocial intervention. A considerable literature exists examining the ... More


The future with amphetamines

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The previous chapters have reviewed the various uses and abuses of amphetamines in different societies. These man-made chemicals had a great impact on ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


The Power of Planning: Self-Control by Effective Goal-striving

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Caterina Gawrilow, and Gabriele Oettingen

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

As highlighted by Kurt Lewin, goal attainment is not yet secured solely by forming strong commitments to highly desirable and feasible goals. There is always the subsequent issue of implementing a ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

In the U.S. the prevalence rate for the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is nearly 8%, and worldwide rates are 5%. This chapter reviews the ... More


Psychoeducation with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Clinical Applications of Evidence-Based Family Interventions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149524
eISBN:
9780199865154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149524.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter describes the use of psychoeducation for the problem of ADHD in a child. Background information on psychoeducation with families and then the rationale for its application to ADHD is ... More


Why Johnny Needs Help: The Most Common Clinical Issues School Social Workers Face

Michael S. Kelly

in The Domains and Demands of School Social Work Practice: A Guide to Working Effectively with Students, Families, and Schools

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195343304
eISBN:
9780199863945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343304.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

In the Illinois survey sample, school social workers reported dealing with social skills deficits, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and anxiety most often in their practices. These ... More


The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Mental Health

Cynthia Franklin, Mary Beth Harris, and Paula Allen-Meares (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195370584
eISBN:
9780199893430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370584.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Here, readers will find an overview of adolescent mental health disorders and step-by-step guidelines for intervening effectively. This Concise Companion covers ten major mental health issues — from ... More


Accidental Intolerance: How We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199977383
eISBN:
9780199369928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book examines both standard practice and ongoing controversies in social, medical, scientific, ethical, and philosophical approaches to ADHD. The complex web of concepts, data, needs, and ... More


Interictal memory disturbance: a comparative phenomenology and epidemiology of memory impairment in epilepsies

Hennric Jokeit, Simone Bosshardt, and Victoria Reed

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter highlights common and divergent pathways of memory impairment by comparing symptoms of memory deficits and underlying pathology in a representative selection of neurological and ... More


Subjective Effects of Methylphenidate

Ssott Kollins

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Methylphenidate (MPH) is one of the most widely prescribed psychotropic agents in the United States, and its increased use over the past two decades has been a source of growing controversy among ... More


Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

LESLIE IVERSEN

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines have had a relatively short, though chequered history. From their use in wartime, their abuse by the beat generation, up to the popularity of Ecstasy in the ... More


Introduction

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines come in many different forms and have powerful effects for good and evil. An epidemic of methamphetamine abuse is sweeping through the USA ... More


Medical uses of amphetamines

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamine was first introduced into medicine as the ‘Benzedrine inhaler’ in 1932, followed soon after by pill forms of the drug. As with many new ... More


Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne-Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The rapid increase in recent years in the number of children and adults diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) raises a number of questions. It is unclear whether the increase ... More


Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder over the life course

Jessica Agnew-Blais and Larry J. Seidman

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects ~3–6% of the school-age population in the USA. Symptoms of ADHD have been found to be relatively consistent from childhood through adolescence, ... More


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