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The mean free path and collisions

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

At room temperature, the rms speed of O2 or N2 is about 500 ms-1. Processes such as the diffusion of one gas into another would therefore be almost instantaneous, were it not for the occurrence of ... More


Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics — a theory which has mainly evolved over the last decade. The book ... More


Kinetic Coefficients For Granular Gases Of Simplified Particles (ε = CONST)

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter generalizes the Chapman–Enskog approach for the case of granular gases whose particles collide inelastically. Under the assumption of constant coefficient of restitution, the kinetic ... More


Particle Collisions

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the notation to describe particle collisions using the coefficient of restitution. It raises the question of whether the coefficient of restitution is adequate to describe ... More


Metals and quantum wires

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses conductivity in metals and semiconductor heterostructures. It aims to exhibit the similarities to nuclear transport problems. Semi-classical transport equations are used and ... More


Duke Bluebeard's Castle: Toward Character Reversal: Reassignment of Pentatonic and Whole‐Tone Spheres

Elliott Antokoletz

in Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195365825
eISBN:
9780199868865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter looks at Doors II (Armoury), III (Treasure Chamber), and IV (Garden) and develops Judith's “Fate” motif and the leitmotif of Stefi Geyer, including the transformation between Judith's ... More


Hoplite Hell: How Hoplites Fought

Peter Krentz

in Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143019
eISBN:
9781400846306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143019.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter takes aim at Victor Davis Hanson's The Western Way of War and its highly influential and popular conception of how hoplites fought. It critiques the orthodox view—especially the version ... More


Heavy-ion collisions at low energies

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

In this regime heavy ion collisions can be parameterized by shape variables, the evolution of which is determined by transport equations of Fokker-Planck or Langevin type. This chapter describes ... More


Transport equations for the one-body density

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter begins by calculating the Wigner transform for the von Neumann equation for the one-body density operator. It shows how the Liouville equation follows in leading order in an expansion to ... More


Nuclear matter as a Fermi liquid

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses the significance of two body interactions to many-body properties, beginning with a schematic model showing the relevance of short-range correlations beyond those of the Fermi ... More


Hot dense matter

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The structure and radiative properties of hot dense matter are described. The average ion and the Thomas-Fermi model are developed as approximate complimentary descriptions of electron structure and ... More


Beam-target interaction

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Targets for inertial fusion are driven by external beams. Energy deposition of high-power laser and ion beams is considered for cold and hot dense matter. Collisional and resonance absorption of ... More


ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF FULLY IONIZED PLASMA

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter presents the basic approaches to the calculation of kinetic coefficients for weakly nonideal fully ionized plasma. The kinetic equation with collision integral represented as a ... More


Granular physics of biological objects

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an overview of patterns emerging in the various biological systems. Complex patterns in biological systems can be caused by a variety of mechanisms, from “simple” physical ... More


Optical double resonance experiments

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter explains the excitation of atoms by polarized resonance radiation and their interaction with static and radio-frequency fields, known as optical double-resonance. The Brossel-Bitter ... More


Tip Treatment

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various methods for tip treatment. First, a general discussion about the experimental facts of STM and AFM tips is presented, which points to the subtleties and significance of ... More


THE STATISTICAL NATURE OF CHEMICAL CHANGES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses chemical transformations. Topics covered include the route to equilibrium, classical and quantum-mechanical principles, principle of tunnel mechanism, velocity and equilibrium, ... More


TRANSPORT PHENOMENA

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

An electron in the field of force of a perfect lattice has stationary states in which the mean velocity and hence the mean transport of charge and of energy do not vanish. This means that an electric ... More


Conversable Worlds: Literature, Contention, and Community 1762 to 1830

Jon Mee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591749
eISBN:
9780191731433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591749.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This book addresses the emergence of the idea of ‘the conversation of culture’. Around 1700 a new commercial society was emerging that thought of its values as the product of exchanges between ... More


Statistical Description and Evolution of Reactive Gas Systems

Raymond Brun

in Introduction to Reactive Gas Dynamics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199552689
eISBN:
9780191720277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552689.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter begins by presenting a statistical definition of state and transport parameters of non-equilibrium flows, starting from the concept of distribution function. It then describes the ... More


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