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Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262033985
eISBN:
9780262334426
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book explores the conception, design, construction, use, and afterlife of ENIAC, the first general purpose digital electronic computer. ENIAC was created and tested at the University of ... More


Women Practitioners

Anne Digby

in The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on women general practitioners in the 19th century. The history of women in general practice is that of female practitioners operating in a semi-detached professional sphere. ... More


Puerperal Fever and the Lying-in Hospitals

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines puerperal fever epidemics in lying-in hospitals in England during the 18th century. Though lying-in hospitals were intended to bring skill and comfort to the poor in childbirth, ... More


Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Irvine Loudon

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book studies maternal care and maternal mortality. Over the last two hundred years different countries developed quite different systems of maternal care. This book is an analysis, firmly ... More


More Than Medicine: A History of the Feminist Women's Health Movement

Jennifer Nelson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762776
eISBN:
9780814770894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762776.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1948, the Constitution of the World Health Organization declared, “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Yet ... More


The American Lying-in Hospital, 1850–1910

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0020
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the condition of lying-in hospitals in the US during the period from 1850 to 1910. Lying-in hospitals had very high maternal mortality rates, but for humanitarian or ... More


Attitudes to Childbirth and the Problem of Pain

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality 1800-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229971
eISBN:
9780191678950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0021
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the changes in the attitudes towards childbirth and the problem of pain during labour. During the 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries, childbirth was considered a ... More


Founding the Women’s Medical Service in India: The Colonial State and the ‘Medical Needs’ of Indian Women

Samiksha Sehrawat

in Colonial Medical Care in North India: Gender, State, and Society, c. 1830-1920

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198096603
eISBN:
9780199082773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096603.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Association of Medical Women in India (AMWI) called on the state to abandon attempts to emulate the British voluntary hospital system and invest more directly in medical care for Indian women. ... More


Conclusion

Adelheid Voskuhl

in Androids in the Enlightenment: Mechanics, Artisans, and Cultures of the Self

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226034027
eISBN:
9780226034331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226034331.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. The case of the two women automata considered in this study integrates the history of ... More


In Search of Metaphors: Figuring What Cannot Be Defined

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

To compensate for the stated inadequacy of any definition, physicians agreed on how to characterize the pathology through their selection of metaphors. Images such as Proteus, the chameleon, and the ... More


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