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PHASE INSTABILITIES AND PATTERNS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of phase transformations and the design of materials. It then presents a case study on the art of steel-making. This is followed by a discussion of precipitate ... More


Transformation, convolution, and correlation

Bernhard Blümich

in NMR Imaging of Materials

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526766
eISBN:
9780191709524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526766.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Transformation, convolution, and correlation are used over and over again in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and imaging in different contexts and sometimes with different meanings. The ... More


Transport at electrodes

Kyösti Kontturi, Lasse Murtomäki, and José A. Manzanares

in Ionic Transport Processes: in Electrochemistry and Membrane Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533817
eISBN:
9780191714825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533817.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is concerned with transport in the vicinity of electrodes, and hence on the coupling between Faradaic electrode processes and mass transport. It covers transport in stationary and ... More


Symmetry in Crystallography: Understanding the International Tables

Paolo Radaelli

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199550654
eISBN:
9780191775093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550654.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides a simple but rigorous introduction to crystallographic symmetry, up to the point where understanding and using the ‘International Tables for Crystallography’ (ITC) becomes ... More


THE STATISTICAL NATURE OF CHEMICAL CHANGES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses chemical transformations. Topics covered include the route to equilibrium, classical and quantum-mechanical principles, principle of tunnel mechanism, velocity and equilibrium, ... More


Coordinate systems in crystallography

Paolo G. Radaelli

in Symmetry in Crystallography: Understanding the International Tables

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199550654
eISBN:
9780191775093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550654.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the coordinate system for defining the position of atoms and molecules (or more generically, ‘features’ in the symmetric patterns). The description is underpinned by the ... More


The mathematical form of symmetry operators

Paolo G. Radaelli

in Symmetry in Crystallography: Understanding the International Tables

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199550654
eISBN:
9780191775093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550654.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Once crystallographic coordinate systems are introduced, it is possible to express the symmetry operators, previously introduced in a strictly graphical form, using an analytical expression. This is ... More


The group-theoretical presentation of crystal-chemical relationships

Ulrich Müller

in Symmetry Relationships between Crystal Structures: Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199669950
eISBN:
9780191775086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669950.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A Bärnighausen tree is set up according to a given scheme by combining steps of maximal group-subgroup relations. Translationengleiche, klassengleiche and isomorphic subgroups are distinguished, and ... More


The Casimir Effect For Two Ideal-Metal Planes

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter considers the simple but most important configuration of two parallel ideal-metal planes. First, the theory of the scalar and electromagnetic Casimir effects between parallel planes is ... More


Effective Theory Of Superfluidity

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how the effective theory incorporates the low-energy dynamics of the superfluid vacuum and the dynamics of the system of quasiparticles in Bose liquids. The effective theory of ... More


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