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Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

J. Warren Smith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Though understandably overshadowed by Augustine’s preeminence in the West, Ambrose is a doctor of the Catholic Church and an important patristic authority for the Middle Ages and Reformation, ... More


 Before Words Were Signs: Semiotics in Greek Philosophy

Phillip Cary

in Outward Signs: The Powerlessness of External Things in Augustine's Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336498
eISBN:
9780199868629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336498.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

To see what is new about Augustine's theory of signs, it is useful to notice that Greek semiotics was concerned with the epistemology of empirical inference and included no theory of language or ... More


From Science to Silence: Clement of Alexandria and Origen

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 2 engages the theological epistemology of Clement of Alexandria. It argues that Clement portrays Christian faith along the lines of what Aristotle called ‘science’ (epistêmê), though he also ... More


Calvin the Compatibilist

Paul Helm

in Calvin at the Centre

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532186
eISBN:
9780191714580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532186.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Although Calvin does not avow compatibilism in so many words, his views on providence and predestination, as well as his doctrine of the bondage of the will to sin and the need for efficacious grace, ... More


Philosophical Concepts That Shaped Gregory of Nyssa's View of the Individual

Lucian Turcescu

in Gregory of Nyssa and the Concept of Divine Persons

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174250
eISBN:
9780199835478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174259.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter deals with the following philosophical concepts: individuals and relations in Aristotle, individuals in Stoicism, the individual as a collection of properties in Platonism, and the ... More


A Brief History of the Metaphysics of Matter

Stephen H. Webb

in Jesus Christ, Eternal God: Heavenly Flesh and the Metaphysics of Matter

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199827954
eISBN:
9780199919468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827954.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Pre-Socratic philosophers turned to matter to explain the origin of all things, while Socrates turned to the nature of the good, but Plato's description of matter in the Timaeus had a tremendous ... More


Substance After Aristotle

Christopher Stead

in Divine Substance

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266303
eISBN:
9780191683015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266303.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the decline of Aristotelianism by the time Christian writers took an interest in philosophy. It sketches the relevant features of Stoicism, in view of its ... More


Apollinaris Redux? Augustine and the Psychology of Christ

Dominic Keech

in The Anti-Pelagian Christology of Augustine of Hippo, 396-430

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662234
eISBN:
9780191746314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662234.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 5 examines Julian of Eclanum’s accusation that Augustine’s definition of inherited sin must deny his Christ a fully human soul. First surveying Augustine’s understanding of Apollinarianism, ... More


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