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Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Noretta Koertge (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This anthology explores the nexus between scientific values and civic virtues, arguing that both scientific norms and scientific institutions can provide badly needed resources for improving the ... More


Observing Bioethics

Renee C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book examines the history of bioethics as a discipline related not only to modern biology, medicine, and biotechnology but also to the core values and beliefs of American society and its courts, ... More


 Virtues and the Scientific Revolution

Rose‐Mary Sargent

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Experimental philosophers of 17th-century England recognized a complex relationship between scientific values and civic virtues. Francis Bacon, motivated by his desire to promote the common good by ... More


The Coming of the Culture Wars to American Bioethics

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Bioethics has been argued to be not only about intellectual or biomedical ethical issues, but also about biomedical research, health care, and the values and beliefs of the American society. However ... More


Reflections on Bruno Latour's Version of the Seventeenth Century Reflections on Bruno Latour's Version of the Seventeenth Century Margaret C. Jacob

Margaret C. Jacob

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Because some historians of 17th-century science did not understand the vast differences in the political positions taken by Robert Boyle and Thomas Hobbes, they concluded that not much difference ... More


“By Weapons Made Worthy”: A Darwinian Perspective on Beowulf

Raymond Corbey and Angus Mol

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores how biologically oriented approaches to narratives relate to more traditional hermeneutic and culturalist readings. As a case study, two ethnological readings of reciprocal ... More


Peacock, Babbage, and the “Heresy of the Dots”

Menachem Fisch

in Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514482
eISBN:
9780226514659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514659.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter describes the background to the young Peacock's mathematical career – his involvement as an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, alongside fellow students John Herschel, Charles ... More


Phenomenal Authority: The Epistemic Authority of Alcoholics Anonymous

Owen Flanagan

in Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

In Order of Things (1966), Michel Foucault introduces the idea of an episteme to depict a normative community within which certain ways of speaking are accepted as authoritative, as based on ... More


The Sociologist—James Hughes and the Many Paths of Moral Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents arguments contending that the precautionary approach advises against the creation of any sort of human–posthuman society, something which can be achieved by refusing to create ... More


Out of the Blue Yonder: The Transfer of Systems Thinking from the Pentagon to the Great Society, 1961–1965

David R. Jardini

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The present chapter explores RAND’s development of analytical management techniques for military purposes and the diffusion of these methodologies from the military context into broader social ... More


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