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The Need for Evidence-Based Public Health

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Public health practitioners have often based their decisions on short-term demands rather than long-term study, and policies and programs are sometimes developed around anecdotal evidence. A more ... More


Assessing Scientific Evidence for Public Health Action

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the question: should public health action be taken to address a particular public health issue (primarily based on Type I evidence)? The chapter focuses on several key ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter is organized as follows. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic reviews ... More


Causal mechanisms for HIA: learning from epidemiology

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health impact assessors who wish to advise policy makers and base their health impact assessment (HIA) on the fullest scientific evidence must understand the potential and pitfalls of epidemiology. ... More


Getting Into the Field: New Approaches to Research Methods

Phil Brown, Rachel Morello-Frosch, and Stephen Zavestoski

in Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520270206
eISBN:
9780520950429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270206.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter proposes a new approach to the ethnography of contested illnesses that is multisited and focused on policy: policy ethnography. Policy ethnography employs field analysis as one ... More


Framing the issues

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, María Elena Medina-Mora, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198818014
eISBN:
9780191859410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198818014.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The use of psychoactive substances is commonplace in many parts of the world, despite the efforts of policymakers, government officials, public health advocates, and concerned citizens to prevent, ... More


AIDS Between Science and Politics

Peter Piot

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166263
eISBN:
9780231538770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166263.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book recounts the experiences of the founding executive director of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) as he fought the disease from its earliest manifestations to today. It ... More


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