Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-9 of 9 items for:

  • Keywords: scientific evidence x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An exploration of the statistical foundations of scientific inference, this book asks what constitutes scientific evidence and whether scientific evidence can be quantified statistically. The ... More


The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward-Looking Synthesis

Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A method that has proved extremely successful in the history of science is to take ideas about how nature works, whether obtained deductively or inductively, and translate them into quantitative ... More


Models of Scientific Inquiry and Statistical Practice: Implications for the Structure of Scientific Knowledge

Brian A. Maurer

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Practitioners of science often go about their craft in a manner that is unique to each discipline. Statistics must serve different purposes defined by the nature of the subject matter and maturity of ... More


An Error-Statistical Philosophy of Evidence

Deborah G. Mayo

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Error-statistical methods in science have been the subject of enormous criticism, giving rise to the popular statistical “reform” movement and bolstering subjective Bayesian philosophy of science. Is ... More


Why We Really Don't Care about the Evidence in Evidence-Based Decision Making in Conservation (and How to Change This)

Daniel T. Blumstein

in Ignoring Nature No More: The Case for Compassionate Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226925332
eISBN:
9780226925363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226925363.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter first explains why scientific evidence plays a key role in conservation and management. It then discusses how scientific evidence should be used in decision making and how to handle lack ... More


Experiments, Observations, and Other Kinds of Evidence

Samuel M. Scheiner

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

How do we come to conclusions in science? What sorts of evidence do we use and how do we use them? This chapter explores the question of the spectrum of types of data and evidence used in science, ... More


Model Identification from Many Candidates

Mark L. Taper

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Model identification is a necessary component of modern science. Model misspecification is a major, if not the dominant, source of error in the quantification of most scientific evidence. Hypothesis ... More


A Brief Tour of Statistical Concepts

Nicholas Lewin-Koh, Mark L. Taper, and Subhash R. Lele

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In the seventeenth century, Francis Bacon proposed what is still regarded as the cornerstone of science, the scientific method. Bacon saw science as an inductive process, meaning that explanation ... More


My Problems with Religion

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In this chapter, the author, an atheist, shares his views about religion. He claims that religion is simultaneously fascinating and frustrating and explains why. Addressing Christianity specifically, ... More


View: