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 What Doctors Must Know about Medical Practice

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows the importance of recognizing the probabilistic nature of medical diagnosis and treatment. It discusses the possibly serious effects of physicians not understanding Bayes theorem, ... More


Three Objections to the Core Argument

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses three objections that might be raised against what is argued in the preceding chapters. The first objection is directed toward the core argument's first premise. It maintains ... More


Incorporation

Adrienne M. Martin

in How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter further elaborates the incorporation analysis. Hope does indeed involve the basic elements of the orthodox definition—the desire for an outcome and a subjective probability estimate ... More


Moral Judgement

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is mainly concerned with first‐order morality (right and wrong) as distinct from second‐order morality (blameworthiness etc.). It is argued here that the agent's state of mind has nothing ... More


Subjective Normativity and Action Guidance 1

Andrew Sepielli

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It's often claimed that when we are uncertain, we must guide our behavior by subjective norms — ones that are, in some sense, appropriately related to the subject's perspective. It is argued that ... More


Objections and Responses

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The indeterminist theory of free will presented in Chs. 8 and 9 is further developed in this chapter by responding to a series of objections. The issues raised by these objections involve ... More


Epistemic Modulations

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Explores the ways actual beliefs or knowledge affect what reasons people have, what they ought to do, and when their actions will be justified. It denies that actual beliefs affect what reasons ... More


Epistemology

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends certain principles of internalist epistemic justification, necessary for establishing the theses of the book. It defends the principle of credulity (that—in the absence of ... More


The Success Condition

Fernando R. Tesón

in Debating Humanitarian Intervention: Should We Try to Save Strangers?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190202903
eISBN:
9780190202934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190202903.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The success condition for intervention is part of the standard theory of just war. However, in both theory and practice, few people take the condition sufficiently seriously. The success condition ... More


How Moral Uncertaintism Can Be Both True and Interesting

Andrew Sepielli

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Vol 7

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198808930
eISBN:
9780191846649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808930.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Several philosophers have tried to develop a framework for decision-making in the face of fundamental moral uncertainty. Critics argue that the project is misguided, as it assumes that there’s a kind ... More


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