Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-10 of 20 items for:

  • Keywords: probability x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Laurence Jonathan Cohen 1923–2006

Issac Levi

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 153 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VII

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264348
eISBN:
9780191734250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264348.003.0008
Subject:
History, Historiography

Laurence Jonathan Cohen (1923–2006), a Fellow of the British Academy, was one of two sons of Israel Cohen and Theresa Jacobs. His parents were orthodox Jews who were active in the World Zionist ... More


What Fates Impose: Facing Up to Uncertainty: British Academy Lecture

Mervyn King

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0014
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses risk, specifically how people think, talk, and manage risk. It illustrates two propositions: thinking in terms of probabilities and the public receiving accurate and objective ... More


Industry on the Land

Scott Eddie

in Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The stereotypical picture of Germany with an industrial West and an agrarian East ignores the phenomenon of rural-based industry in the East. This chapter found a surprisingly dense network of ... More


New Histories of Atheism

David Wootton

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter surveys the state of new atheism, examining the historiography of the subject and the different views on it that currently exist. It evaluates the early writings on the subject, ... More


Man-Eating Tigers

Peter Boomgaard

in Frontiers of Fear: Tigers and People in the Malay World, 1600-1950

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085396
eISBN:
9780300127591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085396.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter reviews data about man-eating tigers that suggests an inverse linear relationship between population densities and per capita numbers of people killed by tigers. In areas with low ... More


Chance and Randomness

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter discusses how scientists measure chance as a probability or likelihood that ranges from zero to unity (0 to 1). The extremes are rarely, if ever, necessary since “certainty” almost never ... More


Beyond Webster's Rule

Mark Totten

in First Strike: America, Terrorism, and Moral Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300124484
eISBN:
9780300168648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300124484.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

Global terrorism calls for a rethinking of the rules governing the decision to strike first, rather than simply a refocusing of energies. Webster's Rule may be necessary to deal with an enemy that ... More


Disciplinarity (Embedded and Specialized Systems)

Clifford Siskin

in System: The Shaping of Modern Knowledge

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035316
eISBN:
9780262336345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035316.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the final decades of the eighteenth century, Enlightenment efforts at comprehensive mastery gave way to different uses of system—to delimited and dedicated systems and to the dispersing of ... More


Assessing Evidence

Christa Teston

in Bodies in Flux: Scientific Methods for Negotiating Medical Uncertainty

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226450520
eISBN:
9780226450834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450834.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During FDA hearings, participants deliberate about the risks and benefits associated with new pharmaceutical interventions. But when drugs are on trial, competing evidences collide. To unearth how ... More


Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Michael Lynch, Simon A. Cole, and Ruth McNally

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

DNA profiling—commonly known as DNA fingerprinting—is often heralded as unassailable criminal evidence, a veritable “truth machine” that can overturn convictions based on eyewitness testimony, ... More


View: