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The Permanence of Small Firms in France

Francesca Carnevali

in Europe's Advantage: Banks and Small Firms in Britain, France, Germany, and Italy since 1918

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199257393
eISBN:
9780191603846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257396.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter continues the positive reassessment of the role played by small firms in French economic growth by looking at their permanence after 1945. It focuses on the policies enacted by the ... More


Macroeconomic Features of the French Revolution

François R. Velde

in Rational Expectations and Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the French Revolution from the vantage point of macroeconomic theories about government budget constraints. From 1688 to 1788, Britain won and France lost three of four wars. ... More


Epilogue: The Past and the Present

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter contrasts the consequences of the First and Second World Wars. It starts by reviewing the cooperation among the Allies during and following the Second World War: Lend-Lease, the Bretton ... More


Is India a Sustainable Dream?

Kshama V. Kaushik and Kaushik Dutta

in India Means Business: How the Elephant Earned its Stripes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072614
eISBN:
9780199081592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072614.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter evaluates India's chances of achieving an economic growth rate of more than nine percent under its Eleventh Five-Year Plan. While the Indian economy is going through its most remarkable ... More


New Beginnings: The Second World War, 1939–1945

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The first part of this chapter discusses the institutional response of the London Stock Exchange to the long‐expected outbreak of the Second World War––a response that, unlike that to the First World ... More


Conclusions

in Markets in the Name of Socialism: The Left-Wing Origins of Neoliberalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804775663
eISBN:
9780804778961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804775663.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Neoliberalism is an ideology that seeks to expand the reach of markets and promotes capitalism, strong states, and enterprise owners and managers. However, it has not gained the support of the ... More


Myron S. Scholes

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson

in Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the career of Myron S. Scholes who received the Nobel Prize in 1997. Born in 1941, Scholes went to McMaster University for his B.A. and completed his Ph.D. at the University of ... More


Thomas C. Schelling

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson

in Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines Thomas C. Schelling's career. Schelling received a Nobel Prize in 2005. He was born in 1921 and earned a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard. He worked as professor of economics at ... More


Does Employee Ignorance Undermine Shared Capitalism?

John W. Budd

in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226056951
eISBN:
9780226056968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056968.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses employer-provided shared capitalism and employee relationship. Employee ignorance might very well undermine shared capitalism, though this ignorance might stem from ineffective ... More


The Motivations for Business Retirement Policies

Richard Woodbury

in Aging Issues in the United States and Japan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620817
eISBN:
9780226620831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620831.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the motivations of firms in designing pension plans, and why these motivations have resulted in plans that have the effect of encouraging early retirement. The study is based on ... More


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