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Introduction

Michael Weisberg

in Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199933662
eISBN:
9780199333004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933662.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the major themes of the book. It focuses on the use of models to study John Reber’s plan to dam up the San Francisco Bay and the anomalous fishery statistics discovered by ... More


Serial Homology as a Challenge to Evolutionary Theory: The Repeated Parts of Organisms from Idealistic Morphology to Evo-Devo

Stéphane Schmitt

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The problem of the repeated parts of organisms was at the center of the biological sciences as early as the first decades of the 19th century. Some concepts and theories (e.g., serial homology, unity ... More


Historical Determinism, Social Activism, and Predictions in the Social Sciences

Adolf Grünbaum

in Collected Works, Volume I: Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989928
eISBN:
9780199346356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989928.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter expands on the Determinism vs. Indeterminism debate and explores whether a deterministic socio-political theory can consistently advocate a social activism with the aim of thereby bringing ... More


From Concurrency to Phased Planning: An Episode in the History of Systems Management

Stephen B. Johnson

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the shift from the philosophy of “concurrency” to that of “phased planning,” which is a significant change in the conceptions and processes of systems management. As can be ... More


Group Intention

Brian Epstein

in The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199381104
eISBN:
9780199381128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381104.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that group intention (also called “shared” or “collective” intention) is often determined by more than the attitudes of the members. Bratman, List, and Pettit share the assumption ... More


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