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Social Reality Is Not Always What It Appears To Be: The Scientific Roots of Research on Interpersonal Expectancies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews some of the earliest research relating social perception to social reality. This includes some of the earliest (and classic) studies of stereotypes, the “New Look” in perception ... More


Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0037
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews many of the reasons why accuracy is a controversial topic in social psychology. The historical interest in accuracy is briefly reviewed, as are some older reviews from the 1950s ... More


Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Increase Accuracy?

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of stereotypes in enhancing or reducing the accuracy of person perception. It points out that relying on an inaccurate stereotype will usually reduce accuracy of person ... More


Perish the Forethought: Premeditation Engenders Misperceptions of Personal Control

Carey K. Morewedge, Kurt Gray, and Daniel M. Wegner

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

People are normally encouraged to engage in premeditation—to think about the potential consequences of their behavior before acting. Indeed, planning, considering, and studying can be important ... More


Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Lee Jussim

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. The book ... More


Musical Imaginations: Multidisciplinary perspectives on creativity, performance and perception

David Hargreaves, Dorothy Miell, and Raymond MacDonald (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568086
eISBN:
9780191731044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568086.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

Musical imagination and creativity are amongst the most abstract and complex aspects of musical behaviour, though, until recently, they have been difficult to subject to empirical enquiry. However, ... More


Family and School: Creating Identities

Irene W. Leigh

in A Lens on Deaf Identities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195320664
eISBN:
9780199864584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320664.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Identities are created within the context of families and schools. The differences in family experiences surrounding hearing differences and the varying levels of acceptance and comfort all have ... More


Psychology of Science: Influence on the Philosophy of Science

E. J. Capaldi and Robert W. Proctor

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

There has always been a close association between psychology and the philosophy of science. Although some individuals over the past 200 years have suggested that psychology had little to offer ... More


The brain and its cortex

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes our current best understanding of how the brain works. It begins at the level of neurons and ends at the level of large-scale networks involving several cortical and ... More


Accuracy: Criteria

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the theoretical and empirical bases for identifying the criteria appropriate for assessing the accuracy of social beliefs, interpersonal expectancies, and social stereotypes. ... More


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