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Modern America: Specialization

Justin Crowe

in Building the Judiciary: Law, Courts, and the Politics of Institutional Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152936
eISBN:
9781400842575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152936.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the specialization of the federal judiciary from the start of World War II in 1939 to the election of Bill Clinton's presidential successor in 2000. Coming out of the New Deal, ... More


Variation in TRIPS Implementation (1995–2007)

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game: The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550616
eISBN:
9780191720284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Drawing on a survey of evidence from 1995 to 2007, this chapter highlights a selection of the most striking elements of variation in how developing countries implemented TRIPS. It shows that ... More


Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

Kenneth C. Shadlen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199593903
eISBN:
9780191845574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593903.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book shows how international changes can reconfigure domestic politics. Since the late 1980s, developing countries have come under considerable pressure to revise their intellectual property ... More


The Defensive Coalition on the Offensive: National Industry and Argentina’s Market-Preserving Patent System

Kenneth C. Shadlen

in Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199593903
eISBN:
9780191845574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593903.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the political economy of continuity in Argentina’s minimalist response to the new global order in intellectual property. The choices made in the 1990s facilitated Argentina’s ... More


What’s Good for Us is Good for You: The Transnational Pharmaceutical Sector and Mexico’s Internationalist Patent System

Kenneth C. Shadlen

in Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199593903
eISBN:
9780191845574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593903.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the political economy of continuity in Mexico. High levels of patenting and accentuated transnational dominance of the pharmaceutical industry, both functions of the choices of ... More


The Evolution and Adaptation of Business–Government Relations in Zouping

Martin K. Dimitrov

in Zouping Revisited: Adaptive Governance in a Chinese County

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781503604001
eISBN:
9781503604551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604001.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes business-government relations in a single Chinese county through the lens of IPR regulation. A focus on Zouping reveals the scope of variation that exists in business-government ... More


Internet Architecture and Intellectual Property

Laura Denardis

in The Global War for Internet Governance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780300181357
eISBN:
9780300182118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300181357.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between Internet infrastructure and intellectual property rights enforcement. It also explores a separate intersection of intellectual property and Internet ... More


The Determinants of Multinational Innovation in Emerging Economies

Patrick J. W. Egan

in Globalizing Innovation: State Institutions and Foreign Direct Investment in Emerging Economies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037358
eISBN:
9780262344265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037358.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter considers innovation outcomes among multinational firms in emerging economies. A variety of econometric tests are conducted, in which innovation is predicted by different firm and ... More


Coalitional Clash, Export Mobilization, and Executive Agency: From Reluctant Acquiescence to Enthusiastic Over-Compliance in Brazil

Kenneth C. Shadlen

in Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199593903
eISBN:
9780191845574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593903.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter analyzes over-compliance in Brazil’s introduction of pharmaceutical patents in the 1990s. Extensive legislative deliberation and societal mobilization delayed and diluted this outcome, ... More


The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents

Kenneth C. Shadlen

in Coalitions and Compliance: The Political Economy of Pharmaceutical Patents in Latin America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199593903
eISBN:
9780191845574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593903.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter provides brief introductions to intellectual property, patents, and pharmaceuticals to help the reader understand the nature of the enduring conflicts in this area. Prior to the 1990s few ... More


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