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Contemporary Mainstream Epidemiologic Theory: Biomedical and Lifestyle

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 5 critically analyzes the biomedical and lifestyle approaches dominating epidemiologic theorizing and research since the mid-20th century. Tracing the origins of the term “biomedicine,” it ... More


Factors related to height

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the important aims of the study was to assess the factors which influenced height and height gain. These assessments were carried out in two separate samples: the representative and the ... More


Theoretical underpinning for the use of intergenerational studies in life course epidemiology

Debbie A Lawlor, Sam Leary, and George Davey Smith

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Intergenerational studies have been widely used in life course epidemiology both to examine primary research hypotheses and to explore underlying mechanisms for established associations. This chapter ... More


Theoretical underpinning for the use of twin studies in life course epidemiology

Ruth J F Loos, Charlotte L Ridgway, and Ken K Ong

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The classical twin design is used in genetic epidemiology to estimate the heritability of a trait or disease. Despite potential biases for certain traits at specific stages during the life course, ... More


The development of HIA

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of health impact assessment (HIA) for ten years up to 2003. Topics covered include early origins of HIA, the development of methods for HIA, the development of the ... More


Family-based studies applied to the influence of early life factors on cardiovascular disease

Debbie A Lawlor and David A Leon

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There is good evidence that associations exist between fetal and other early life factors and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) that can be replicated in a range of settings. These ... More


Discussant chapter—using family-based designs in life course epidemiology

John Lynch and Seungmi Yang

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The three chapters in this section offer different but complementary conceptualizations of ‘family’. Morton and Rich Edwards used ‘family’ to document inter-generational concordance of reproductive ... More


The developmental origins of coronary heart disease

D. J. P. Barker

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the developmental origins of coronary heart disease. The recent discovery that people who develop coronary heart disease (CHD) grew differently to other people during fetal ... More


Developmental Origins of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on pre- and perinatal factors that determine obesity and its consequences later on in life. Topics discussed include measurement of obesity in young children, developmental ... More


Origins and outline of health impact assessment

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief history of HIA. It then considers different definitions of HIA and how it relates to other activities such as evaluation, monitoring and community development. It ... More


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