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Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More


Human Origins and the Decline of Theism

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution is a naturalistic world-view that helped erode religious belief against the claims of science. Philosophical issues are avoided in order ... More


Essential Properties

Storrs McCall

in A Model of the Universe: Space-Time, Probability, and Decision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236221
eISBN:
9780191679209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236221.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Of the three kinds of essential property those individuals may be thought to possess — essential physical characteristics, substance-type, and origin — it is the third, origin, that has been the most ... More


How Might the Aesthetic, Art, and Evolution be Related?

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

Aesthetic and art behaviors might be adaptations, by-products of adaptations (aka spandrels), vestiges, or they might be so distanced from biology that they are purely cultural technologies. Being ... More


General Theories of Art as an Adaptation and the Origins of Art

Stephen Davies

in The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

By way of a warning, this chapter begins by noting the strong feelings sometimes invested in arguing that the arts are evolutionary adaptations. Two theories of the arts as an adaptation are ... More


Husserl on the Origins of Geometry

Ian Hacking

in Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756044
eISBN:
9780804772945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756044.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the foundations of mathematics, focusing on The Origin of Geometry, an appendix to the Crisis. It notes that Husserl is one of those philosophers who is awed by mathematics, ... More


Husserl, History, and Consciousness

Eva-maria Engelen

in Science and the Life-World: Essays on Husserl's Crisis of European Sciences

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756044
eISBN:
9780804772945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756044.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the search for “original” experience or meaning, exemplified in Greek scientific origins. It considers three philosophically important origins of meaning in Husserl's text, and ... More


What Do Organisms Depend On?: Bodies, Selves, and Internal Worlds

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Four assumptions regarding organisms are critically examined: the intuition that organisms have distinct spatial boundaries and temporal continuity; the intuition that organisms are selves and/or ... More


Origins, Parents, and Non-identity

Tim Lewens

in The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Origin essentialism is sometimes thought to entail, or otherwise to offer support for, both gamete essentialism (the view that an organism could not have come from different gametes) and parental ... More


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