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Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Avi Lifschitz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

What is the role of language in human cognition? Could we attain self-consciousness and construct our civilisation without language? Such were the questions at the basis of eighteenth-century debates ... More


The Atheism of d'Holbach and Naigeon

Alan Charles Kors

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the high tide of atheism in the French Enlightenment. It discusses the materialistic atheism advocated by the Baron d'Holbach and Jacques–André Naigeon. Naigeon and d'Holbach ... More


Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Gowan Dawson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the nineteenth century paleontologists claimed that, from just a single bone, they could identify and sometimes even reconstruct previously unknown prehistoric creatures. Such extraordinary ... More


Introduction

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

The Introduction situates the book against the background of current trends in Enlightenment studies. It highlights the naturalistic perspective on the evolution of human society, which was common to ... More


Tackling the Naturalistic Conundrum: Instincts and Conjectural History to 1771

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter traces new impulses in the 1760s such as the first publication of Leibniz's Nouveaux essais, the 1763 contest on certitude in metaphysics, and investigations of animal instincts. At the ... More


Conclusion and a Glimpse into the Future

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

This postscript begins with an overview of further developments in the 1780s, among them the complex combination of innatism with naturalism, Frederick the Great's essay on German language and ... More


Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Matthew Stanley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context to a naturalistic context. This book examines the foundations of that change. It is generally thought that this ... More


“Monstrous Hybridity” in Colonial and Revolutionary Writing from Saint-Domingue

Marlene L. Daut

in Tropics of Haiti: Race and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381847
eISBN:
9781781382394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381847.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Discusses the problem of knowing that became attached to the idea of the “mulatto/a” as a way to express anxieties about the instability of political loyalties during the Haitian Revolution. Argues ... More


Recuperating the Past (iii): Fruits of the Encounter with Greek Antiquity

Francis Oakley

in The Mortgage of the Past: Reshaping the Ancient Political Inheritance (1050-1300)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300176339
eISBN:
9780300183504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300176339.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter focuses on the “political naturalism” that had arisen in the European intellectual scene by the twelfth century. By the end of the following century, the evocation of “nature” and the ... More


Old Ideas about Myth and Science: “as in former times”

Francesca Rochberg

in Before Nature: Cuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406138
eISBN:
9780226406275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406275.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For decades Henri Frankfort, H.A. Groenewegen- Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin’s, The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man: An Essay of Speculative Thought in the ... More


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