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Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Matthew Stanley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the Victorian period science shifted from being practiced in a theistic context to a naturalistic context. This book examines the foundations of that change. It is generally thought that this ... More


Show Me the Bone: Reconstructing Prehistoric Monsters in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America

Gowan Dawson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226332734
eISBN:
9780226332871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226332871.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the nineteenth century paleontologists claimed that, from just a single bone, they could identify and sometimes even reconstruct previously unknown prehistoric creatures. Such extraordinary ... More


Where Naturalism and Theism Met: The Uniformity of Nature

Matthew Stanley

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the uniformity of nature, an important element of scientific practice. This principle was justified by scientists in both theistic and naturalistic terms, despite its present ... More


The Fate of Scientific Naturalism: From Public Sphere to Professional Exclusivity

Theodore M. Porter

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his influential reinterpretation of Victorian scientific naturalism, Frank Turner construed it as a tool for advancing the professionalized structure of modern science. We would do better to see ... More


Old Ideas about Myth and Science: “as in former times”

Francesca Rochberg

in Before Nature: Cuneiform Knowledge and the History of Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406138
eISBN:
9780226406275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406275.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For decades Henri Frankfort, H.A. Groenewegen- Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin’s, The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man: An Essay of Speculative Thought in the ... More


Introduction

Gowan Dawson and Bernard Lightman

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introduction begins by recovering the prehistory of the terms scientific naturalism and scientific naturalist, attempting to reclaim them as authentic actors’ categories. It also assesses their ... More


Evolutionary Naturalism on High: The Victorians Sequester the Alps

Michael S. Reidy

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A disproportionately large percentage of the most prominent evolutionary naturalists, and almost every member of the X-Club, traveled and climbed in the Swiss Alps. John Tyndall and Leslie Stephen, ... More


Paradox: The Art of Scientific Naturalism

George Levine

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter views the Scientific Naturalists from a literary perspective. Granting the importance of precise social context, it claims that full understanding of the naturalist's project requires ... More


Religious Lives

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter describes Maxwell’s and Huxley’s backgrounds, particularly the formation of their views on and experience with religion. It shows the variety of “religion” present in the ... More


The Uniformity of Natural Laws

Matthew Stanley

in Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon: From Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226164878
eISBN:
9780226164908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

One of the most basic elements of Victorian (and, indeed, modern) scientific practice was the expectation that nature functioned according to fixed laws, which never varied in time or place. This ... More


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