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The human epigenome and cancer

Mukesh Verma

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epigenetics, the study of mechanisms that involve mitotically heritable changes in DNA other than changes in nucleotide sequence, represents a new frontier in research, especially in cancer. Most of ... More


Considerations in Planning a Surveillance System

Steven M. Teutsch

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter sets the stage for the first half of the book, the principles section. It outlines possible objectives of a system, followed by key steps in system development, data collection, data ... More


Clinical governance and patient safety: An overview

Sarah Hammond

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter presents an overview of clinical governance. It discusses the meaning of clinical governance, origins of clinical governance, and the regulatory bodies tasked with the assessment of ... More


Complaints and claims

Ruth Symons

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Complaints and claims in the National Health Service (NHS) are managed in accordance with national guidance and legislation. Analysis of complaints and claims data, together with patient-safety ... More


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), National Service Frameworks (NSF), and governance

Peter Littlejohns and Augustine J Pereira

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the NICE and NSFs. NICE was established in April 1999 to increase efficiency in the National Health Service's (NHS) uptake of interventions that are both clinically and ... More


New interventional procedures

Carole M Longson and Mirella Marlow

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the NICE IP (interventional procedures) Programme, which is intended to introduce new interventional procedures safely into the NHS. The basic requirements for achieving this ... More


Evolution of Classification and Diagnostic Criteria for Diabetes and Other Forms of Hyperglycemia

Peter H. Bennett

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the development of classification and diagnostic criteria for diabetes and other forms of hyperglycemia. It reviews the recommendations of the National Diabetes Data Group ... More


The Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs in the United States and Public Health Law and Policy

Patricia Thompson-Reid and Kristina L. Ernst

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs (DPCPs) in the United States. A major focus of the DPCPs is the development of strategic partners for achieving program goals. The ... More


National Diabetes Education Program and the Role of Partnership in the Prevention and Management of Diabetes

Jane Kelly, Joanne M. Gallivan, and Charles M. Clark

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP). The NDEP was initiated in 1997 to translate the science of diabetes control and prevention into messages that would improve ... More


Health Statistics from Notifications, Registration Systems, and Registries

Denise Koo, Phyllis A. Wingo, and Charles J. Rothwell

in Health Statistics: Shaping policy and practice to improve the population's health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149289
eISBN:
9780199865130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149289.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes two types of data collection that are critical for monitoring the population's health and generating health statistics: notifications and registrations. Notifications are ... More


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