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Otto Loewi and Henry Dale: The Discovery of Neurotransmitters

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

In the opening decades of the 20th century, there would be new ways of thinking about how neurons communicate with each other and how they stimulate muscles. The earlier idea of a continuous, ... More


Theory and Argument

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter identifies four attempts to create a successor theory and to accept the new findings of experiment and microscopy during the 17th century. It first studies Francis Glisson, who is known ... More


Electric Fishes and the Path to Animal Electricity

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes the evidence that was gathered during the last fifty years of the 18th century about the electric charges of certain fishes. It first studies what people thought about these ... More


Terje Lømo

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Terje Lømo discovered long term potentiation (LTP) and with Tim Bliss did the first systematic study of LTP. Lømo discovered that evoked muscle impulse activity per se controlled the properties of ... More


From the Occult to Mechanical Theories of the Discharge

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter examines new theories about the mechanisms of torpedo discharge that emerged as a consequence of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. These theories are centered on mechanical ... More


Animal Spirits and Physiology

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Advances in the science and technology of electricity created a new scientific attitude by the middle of the 18th century, one in which natural philosophers began to see many phenomena in new ways. ... More


Electric Fishes in the Nineteenth Century

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on electric fish research during the 19th century. These studies would involve attempting to get sparks from torpedoes, determining the polarity of the electric organs, trying to ... More


The Changing Neurophysiological Setting

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Emil du Bois–Reymond studied nerve and muscle physiology in addition to conducting research on various electric fish. For du Bois–Reymond, the two fields were tightly coupled, and this was consistent ... More


Understanding the Shock Mechanisms: A Twentieth-Century Odyssey

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on several related 20th-century developments. It examines how researchers achieved a modern understanding of nerve and muscle electrophysiology. It then discusses how this ... More


Epilogue

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents a summary of the discussions in the preceding chapters and presents some concluding thoughts. Electric fish basically guided nerve and muscle studies late in the 18th century ... More


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