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Geometric Means and Lognormal Distributions

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Geometric means are often more meaningful than arithmetic means, because they are closer to the central figure (median). When x and y can conceptually take only positive values, their distributions ... More


Mandates Without Obvious Majorities?

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The government mandate in its full form fails descriptively because few spontaneous majorities form in support of one party, and there is no guarantee that the plurality party is not actually opposed ... More


Example of Model Building: Electoral Volatility

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The foremost mental roadblocks in predictive model building are refusal to make outrageous simplifications and reluctance to play with means of extreme cases. “Ignorance-based” models focus on ... More


Looking for Westminster

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This book explores how governmental elites understand the Westminster systems of Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa. It seeks to understand how and why countries that began ... More


Universal to Selective

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780195140743
eISBN:
9780199834921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140745.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The principle of universalism in the allocation of social benefits, that is the availability of social benefits to everyone as of right, is contrasted with allocation on a selective basis in which ... More


Recommendations for Better Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Take seriously the introductory advice by most introductory texts of statistics: graph the data and look at the graph so as to make sure linear regression makes sense from a statistical viewpoint. ... More


Public Policy as Social Construct: Multiple Meanings in Sustainable Development

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates the ways in which policy is more fundamentally a sociopolitical construct than technical/instrumental tool, as it is approached in much of policy science. Employing a ... More


Policy Advice as Storyline: Narrative Knowledge and Expert Practices

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter emphasizes the relation of narration to practical reason and the giving of good reasons. Not only does the explication demonstrate how policy narratives relate to factual information, ... More


Are Moderate Parties Rewarded in Multiparty Systems?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Are moderate parties rewarded in multiparty systems? Cross‐national analyses estimate the vote shares for approximately eighty parties across twelve Western European democracies. The results indicate ... More


Proximity and Votes for Mainstream and Niche Parties

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Cross‐sectional analyses of parties' vote shares in twelve Western European democracies are presented, which produce two central findings. The first is that parties, in general, gain more vote shares ... More


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