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Cooling Granular Gas — Haff's Law

Nikolai V. Brilliantov and Thorsten Pöschel

in Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198530381
eISBN:
9780191713057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530381.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses cooling granular gas. During the first stage of its evolution, a force-free, initially uniform granular gas remains homogeneous, while the mean velocity of its particles ... More


METALS WITH STRONG DISORDER

V.F. Gantmakher

in Electrons and Disorder in Solids

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter clarifies the limits where the standard metal physics fails for metals with high electron density. This is the Ioffe-Regel limit where the mean free path becomes comparable to the ... More


NEGATIVE IONS IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE FOR T < 1 K

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the studies of the electron bubble mobility in normal liquid 3He. The high temperature measurements are extended into the milliKelvin range down to the superfluid transition at ... More


SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD THEORY

Glenn H. Fredrickson

in The Equilibrium Theory of Inhomogeneous Polymers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567295
eISBN:
9780191717956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567295.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the topic of self-consistent field theory, a mean-field approximation method for analyzing the statistical field models constructed in Chapter 4. The mean-field approximation ... More


MICROSCOPIC DERIVATION OF THE GL FUNCTIONAL

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter demonstrates how the Ginzburg-Landau functional can be carried out from the microscopic theory of superconductivity. For this, the method of functional integration, alternative to the ... More


Asymptotic Relaxation Laws

Wolfgang Götze

in Complex Dynamics of Glass-Forming Liquids: A Mode-Coupling Theory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199235346
eISBN:
9780191715600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235346.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In order to identify the essential items of the mode-coupling-theory scenarios, this chapter describes asymptotic expansions of the correlation functions for small frequencies and small separations ... More


Anisotropy

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Polycrystalline materials give contrast from their grain structure in scanning acoustic micrographs. Bulk wave propagation in anisotropic materials can be calculated from the Christoffel equation. ... More


General Requirements for Casimir Force Measurements

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko

in Advances in the Casimir Effect

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199238743
eISBN:
9780191716461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238743.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Given that the Casimir force is very small and has a strong dependence on the separation distance and on the geometrical and material properties of the boundary surfaces, the measurement of this ... More


EINSTEIN–SMOLUCHOWSKI THEORY

Robert M. Mazo

in Brownian Motion: Fluctuations, Dynamics, and Applications

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199556441
eISBN:
9780191705625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556441.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins the study of the physical study of Brownian motion. The theory of Smoluchowski is based on a kinetic model of colliding spheres, at first for an ambient dilute gaseous medium. ... More


Static solvent effects, transition-state theory

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses static solvent effects on the rate constant for chemical reactions in solution. It starts with a brief discussion of the thermodynamic formulation of transition-state theory. ... More


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